URGENT: Encouragement and Prayer in a Time of Pandemic...See All of Our Coronavirus Resources Here

 

A Time Line of Easter Holy Week, Passion Week

Christianity.com Editorial Staff

A Time Line of Easter Holy Week, Passion Week

Below is a complete timeline of the Holy Week of Easter, often referred to as the Passion Week of Jesus Christ

1 This column represents standard First Century Jewish day/night cycles—sundown to sundown. Notice that slaying of the lambs "between the evenings" on Nisan 14 would in this case happen on Friday afternoon (which is when, according to John 18:28, the Jewish authorities intended to keep the feast).

2 This column represents the day/night cycles very possibly in popular usage among the Galilean Jews—sunup to sunup. Notice that slaying of the lambs "between the evenings" on Nisan 14 would in this case happen on Thursday afternoon (which is when Jesus and His disciples kept the feast).

3 This column represents modern day/night cycles—midnight to midnight.

Nisan 9 1 Nisan 9 2 Sunday 3
April 12
  • Jesus' triumphant entrance into Jerusalem
  • Spends the night in Bethany
 Nisan 10
Nisan 10 
  Monday
April 13
  • Leaves Bethany
  • Curses the fig tree on the way into the city
  • Weeps over Jerusalem
  • Cleanses the temple for the second time in His ministry
  • Late in day, looks into the Temple, then leaves the city
  • Spends the night in Bethany
 Nisan 11
Nisan 11 
  Tuesday
April 14
  • Leaves Bethany
  • Finds the fig tree withered; teaches on faith
  • Possesses the temple and its precincts; confounds and pronounces woes upon His enemies
  • Leaves city; Olivet Discourse on way back to Bethany
  • Judas bargains with Sanhedrin to betray Jesus
  • Spends the night in Bethany
 Nisan 12
Nisan 12 
  Wednesday
April 15
Silent Day
  • No record in the Gospels, but much activity as Jesus prepares for Last Supper and as Judas and Sanhedrin prepare for Jesus' arrest
  • Remains in Bethany throughout the day, stays night there
 
 Nisan 13
Nisan 13 
  Thursday
April 16
  • Peter and John sent to make preparation for Passover meal
  • After sunset, eats meal with the twelve; washes disciples; Judas departs
  • Lord's Supper instituted
  • To Garden of Gethsemane; Jesus' agony
  • Betrayal by Judas; arrest by Sanhedrin
  • To house of High Priest as Sanhedrin is convened; Peter betrays Jesus
 Nisan 14
Nisan 14 
  Friday
April 17
The Trials of Jesus Christ
  • First trial, before Annas [nightime hours]; Annas is looking for an accusation, biding time till Sanhedrin is gathered at High Priestly villa
  • Second [and primary] trial before Sanhedrin, Jesus is condemned, misused
  • Third trial, immediately at dawn [meanwhile, Peter denies Jesus a third time; Jesus looks upon him]; the condemnation repeated, then Jesus taken to Romans
  • Fourth trial before Pilate [till "beginning at Galilee"]
  • Fifth trial before Herod [looks for miracle]
  • 6th trialbefore Pilate
    • Jesus is scourged; the city cries, "Crucify Him or we will tell Rome!"
    • Jesus is finally turned over to be crucified
    • Jesus mocked (Roman soldiers); crown of thorns
    • Judas hangs himself
    • Jesus bears His cross to gate on north of city and is crucified around 9 am
Jesus' Seven Sayings from the Cross
  • "Father, forgive them..."
  • "Today...with me in paradise"
  • "Woman, behold thy son..." [darkness: noon – 3 pm]
  • "My God, My God..."
  • "I thirst"
  • "It is finished"
  • "Into Thy hands..."
The Death of the God-Man
About 3 pm; veil torn, rocks rent; some graves opened and people rise [to mortality] and go into the city
  • Jesus' side pierced
  • Passover lambs slain in temple
  • Jesus buried by sundown
 Nisan 15
Nisan 15 
  Saturday
April 28
  • At the request of the Jewish leadership, Pilate grants a guard and sets a seal on the tomb of Jesus
 Nisan 16
Nisan 16 
  Sunday
April 19
Jesus Christ rises from the dead(before dawn) and makes five appearances on the day of His rising:
  1. To Mary Magdalene [given a message to the disciples]
  2. To the other women who come to the tomb [intending to complete the burial preparation of His body]
  3. To two disciples on the Road to Emmaus
  4. To Simon Peter [nowhere recorded, but alluded to in Luke 24:33 and 1 Corinthians 1:5]
  5. To the astonished disciples [Thomas is absent]
 Nisan 17
Nisan 17 
 


1 This column represents standard First Century Jewish day/night cycles—sundown to sundown. Notice that slaying of the lambs "between the evenings" on Nisan 14 would in this case happen on Friday afternoon (which is when, according to John 18:28, the Jewish authorities intended to keep the feast).

2 This column represents the day/night cycles very possibly in popular usage among the Galilean Jews—sunup to sunup. Notice that slaying of the lambs "between the evenings" on Nisan 14 would in this case happen on Thursday afternoon (which is when Jesus and His disciples kept the feast).

3 This column represents modern day/night cycles—midnight to midnight.

Information courtesy of Dr. Doug Bookman of bookman ministries


This article is part of our larger Holy Week and Easter resource library centered around the events leading up to the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. We hope these articles help you understand the meaning and story behind important Christian holidays and dates and encourage you as you take time to reflect on all that God has done for us through his son Jesus Christ!

Holy Week, Passion Week Timeline
What is Lent?
What is Palm Sunday?
What is Ash Wednesday?
What is Maundy Thursday?
What is Passover?
What is Good Friday?
What is Easter?
Holy Week and Easter Prayers
What are Pentecost and Shavout?

Photo Credit: Thinkstock/Azerberber

 


Originally published July 08, 2010.