Clean and Unclean Animals

111 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2 Say to the children of Israel: These are the living things which you may have for food among all the beasts on the earth. 3 You may have as food any beast which has a division in the horn of its foot, and whose food comes back into its mouth to be crushed again. 4 But, at the same time, of those beasts, you may not take for food the camel, because its food comes back but the horn of its foot is not parted in two; it is unclean to you. 5 And the rock-badger, for the same reason, is unclean to you. 6 And the hare, because the horn of its foot is not parted in two, is unclean to you. 7 And the pig is unclean to you, because though the horn of its foot is parted, its food does not come back. 8 Their flesh may not be used for food, and their dead bodies may not even be touched; they are unclean to you.

9 These you may have for food of all things living in the water: anything living in the water, in the seas or rivers, which has special parts for swimming and skin formed of thin plates, may be used for food. 10 All other things living and moving in the water, in the sea or in the rivers, are a disgusting thing to you; 11 They may not be used for food, and their dead bodies are disgusting to you. 12 Anything in the water which has no special parts for swimming and no thin plates on its skin is disgusting to you. 13 And among birds these are to be disgusting to you, and not to be used for food: the eagle and the gier-eagle and the ospray; 14 And the kite and the falcon, and birds of that sort; 15 Every raven, and birds of that sort; 16 And the ostrich and the night-hawk and the sea-hawk, and birds of that sort; 17 And the little owl and the cormorant and the great owl; 18 And the water-hen and the pelican and the vulture; 19 The stork and the heron, and birds of that sort, and the hoopoe and the bat.

20 Every winged four-footed thing which goes on the earth is disgusting to you; 21 But of the winged four-footed things, those which have long legs for jumping on the earth you may have for food; 22 Such as all the different sorts of locust. 23 But all other winged four-footed things which go on the earth are disgusting to you. 24 By these you will be made unclean; anyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean till evening: 25 Whoever takes away the dead body of one of them is to have his clothing washed, and will be unclean till evening. 26 Every beast, in the horn of whose foot there is not a complete division, and whose food does not come back, is unclean to you: anyone touching one of these will be unclean. 27 Any four-footed beast which goes on the ball of its foot, is unclean to you: anyone touching the dead body of one of these will be unclean till evening. 28 Anyone who takes away the dead body of one of these is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening. 29 And these are unclean to you among things which go low down on the earth; the weasel and the mouse and the great lizard, and animals of that sort; 30 And the ferret and the land crocodile and the lizard and the sand-lizard and the chameleon. 31 All these are unclean to you: anyone touching them when they are dead will be unclean till evening. 32 The dead body of any of these, falling on anything, will make that thing unclean; if it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or bag, whatever it is, if it is used for any purpose, it will have to be put into water, and will be unclean till evening; after that it will be clean. 33 And if one of them gets into any vessel of earth, whatever is in the vessel will be unclean and the vessel will have to be broken. 34 Any food in it, and anything on which water from it comes, will be unclean: any drink taken from such a vessel will be unclean. 35 Any part of the dead body of one of these, falling on anything, will make it unclean; if it is an oven or a cooking-pot it will have to be broken: they are unclean and will be unclean to you. 36 But at the same time a fountain or a place where water is stored for use will be clean; but anyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean. 37 If any part of the dead body of one of these gets on to any seed for planting, it is clean; 38 But if water is put on the seed, and any part of the dead body gets on to it, it will be unclean to you. 39 And if any beast which may be used for food comes to a natural death, anyone touching its dead body will be unclean till evening. 40 And he who makes use of any part of its body for food is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening; and anyone taking away its body is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening. 41 Everything which goes flat on its body on the earth is disgusting, and is not to be used for food. 42 Whatever goes on its stomach or on four feet or has a great number of feet, even all those going flat on the earth, may not be used for food, for they are disgusting.

43 You are not to make yourselves disgusting with anything which goes about flat on the earth; you may not make yourselves unclean with them, in such a way that you are not holy to me. 44 For I am the Lord your God: for this reason, make and keep yourselves holy, for I am holy; you are not to make yourselves unclean with any sort of thing which goes about flat on the earth. 45 For I am the Lord, who took you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; so be you holy, for I am holy. 46 This is the law about beasts and birds and every living thing moving in the waters, and every living thing which goes flat on the earth: 47 Marking out the unclean from the clean, and the living thing which may be used for food from that which may not.

The Purification of Women after Childbirth

121 And the Lord said to Moses, 2 Say to the children of Israel, If a woman is with child and gives birth to a male child, she will be unclean for seven days, as when she is unwell. 3 And on the eighth day let him be given circumcision. 4 And she will be unclean for thirty-three days till the flow of her blood is stopped; no holy thing may be touched by her, and she may not come into the holy place, till the days for making her clean are ended. 5 But if she gives birth to a female child, then she will be unclean for two weeks, as when she is unwell; and she will not be completely clean for sixty-six days.

6 And when the days are ended for making her clean for a son or a daughter, let her take to the priest at the door of the Tent of meeting, a lamb of the first year for a burned offering and a young pigeon or a dove for a sin-offering: 7 And the priest is to make an offering of it before the Lord and take away her sin, and she will be made clean from the flow of her blood. This is the law for a woman who gives birth to a male or a female. 8 And if she has not money enough for a lamb, then let her take two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burned offering and the other for a sin-offering, and the priest will take away her sin and she will be clean,

The Leaders Plot against Jesus

261 And when Jesus had come to the end of all these words, he said to his disciples, 2 After two days is the Passover, and the Son of man will be given up to the death of the cross. 3 Then the chief priests and the rulers of the people came together in the house of the high priest, who was named Caiaphas. 4 And they made designs together to take Jesus by some trick, and put him to death. 5 But they said, Not while the feast is going on, for fear of trouble among the people.

Jesus Anointed at Bethany

6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, 7 There came to him a woman having a bottle of perfume of great price, and she put the perfume on his head when he was seated at table. 8 But when the disciples saw it they were angry, saying, To what purpose is this waste? 9 For we might have got much money for this and given it to the poor. 10 But Jesus, seeing it, said to them, Why are you troubling the woman? she has done a kind act to me. 11 For the poor you have ever with you, but me you have not for ever. 12 For in putting this perfume on my body, she did it to make me ready for my last resting-place. 13 Truly I say to you, Wherever this good news goes out in all the world, what this woman has done will be talked of in memory of her.

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus

14 Then one of the twelve, who was named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, 15 What will you give me, if I give him up to you? And the price was fixed at thirty bits of silver. 16 And from that time he was watching for a chance to give him into their hands.

Jesus Eats the Passover with His Disciples

17 Now on the first day of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, Where are we to make ready for you to take the Passover meal? 18 And he said to them, Go into the town to such a man, and say to him, The Master says, My time is near: I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples. 19 And the disciples did as Jesus had said to them; and they made ready the Passover. 20 Now when evening was come, he was seated at table with the twelve disciples; 21 And while they were taking food, he said, Truly I say to you that one of you will be false to me. 22 And they were very said, and said to him, one by one, Is it I, Lord? 23 And he made answer and said, He who puts his hand into the plate with me, the same will be false to me. 24 The Son of man goes, even as the Writings say of him: but a curse is on that man through whom the Son of man is given up; it would have been well for that man if he had never come into the world. 25 And Judas, who was false to him, made answer and said, Is it I, Master? He says to him, Yes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Matthew 26:1-25

Commentary on Matthew 26:1-5

(Read Matthew 26:1-5)

Our Lord had often told of his sufferings as at a distance, now he speaks of them as at hand. At the same time the Jewish council consulted how they might put him to death secretly. But it pleased God to defeat their intention. Jesus, the true paschal Lamb, was to be sacrificed for us at that very time, and his death and resurrection rendered public.

Commentary on Matthew 26:6-13

(Read Matthew 26:6-13)

The pouring ointment upon the head of Christ was a token of the highest respect. Where there is true love in the heart to Jesus Christ, nothing will be thought too good to bestow upon him. The more Christ's servants and their services are cavilled at, the more he manifests his acceptance. This act of faith and love was so remarkable, that it would be reported, as a memorial of Mary's faith and love, to all future ages, and in all places where the gospel should be preached. This prophecy is fulfilled.

Commentary on Matthew 26:14-16

(Read Matthew 26:14-16)

There were but twelve called apostles, and one of them was like a devil; surely we must never expect any society to be quite pure on this side heaven. The greater profession men make of religion, the greater opportunity they have of doing mischief, if their hearts be not right with God. Observe, that Christ's own disciple, who knew so well his doctrine and manner of his life, and was false to him, could not charge him with any thing criminal, though it would have served to justify his treachery. What did Judas want? Was not he welcome wherever his Master was? Did he not fare as Christ fared? It is not the lack, but the love of money, that is the root of all evil. After he had made that wicked bargain, Judas had time to repent, and to revoke it; but when lesser acts of dishonesty have hardened the conscience men do without hesitation that which is more shameful.

Commentary on Matthew 26:17-25

(Read Matthew 26:17-25)

Observe, the place for their eating the passover was pointed out by Christ to the disciples. He knows those hidden ones who favour his cause, and will graciously visit all who are willing to receive him. The disciples did as Jesus had appointed. Those who would have Christ's presence in the gospel passover, must do what he says. It well becomes the disciples of Christ always to be jealous over themselves, especially in trying times. We know not how strongly we may be tempted, nor how far God may leave us to ourselves, therefore we have reason not to be high-minded, but to fear. Heart-searching examination and fervent prayer are especially proper before the Lord's supper, that, as Christ our Passover is now sacrificed for us, we may keep this feast, renewing our repentance, our faith in his blood, and surrendering ourselves to his service.