Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury.
Jealousy — With great care that she should not, as formerly, sin against my love, and her own welfare, and with a great desire to do her good, and to rescue her from her enemies.
Fury — With heat of anger against her enemies.
 Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.
Shall be called a city of truth — Her citizens shall love the truth and speak it, shall worship me in truth of heart, as well as in the true manner prescribed to them.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; There shall yet old men and old women dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff in his hand for very age.
Old men — Formerly war, or famine or pestilence, and wasting diseases, cut off men and women before they came to old age.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days, should it also be marvellous in mine eyes? saith the LORD of hosts.
Marvellous — These things may seem strange to this people.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will save my people from the east country, and from the west country;
The east-country — Persia and Media, which lay east from Jerusalem, and were now masters of Babylon.
 And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and in righteousness.
In truth and in righteousness — This signifies both God's part, and their part; on God's part truth, on their's righteousness, obedience to God's righteous law.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Let your hands be strong, ye that hear in these days these words by the mouth of the prophets, which were in the day that the foundation of the house of the LORD of hosts was laid, that the temple might be built.
The prophets — Haggai and Zechariah.
 For before these days there was no hire for man, nor any hire for beast; neither was there any peace to him that went out or came in because of the affliction: for I set all men every one against his neighbour.
Before these days — For eighteen years together.
No hire — No profit by the labour of man or beast, no sowing or planting.
Affliction — Distress, and want, through the barrenness, which attended all their labour.
 But now I will not be unto the residue of this people as in the former days, saith the LORD of hosts.
I will not be — That is, I will not deal with them as in former days.
 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; As I thought to punish you, when your fathers provoked me to wrath, saith the LORD of hosts, and I repented not:
I repented not — I did not fail to do it.
 So again have I thought in these days to do well unto Jerusalem and to the house of Judah: fear ye not.
So — So with like steadiness of mind I have purposed to do well to you.
 These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:
Judgment of truth — True judgment.
Peace — That may restore, and settle peace among you.
Gates — The places of judicature, where the judges sat.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace.
Thus saith the Lord — This verse is a final decision of the case: provided they do these things required, verse 16,17, then shall the fasting cease, and turn into joyful feasts.
The fourth month — Wherein the city was taken by the Babylonians.
The fifth — In which the temple was burnt.
The seventh — Wherein Gedaliah was killed.
The tenth — On the tenth day whereof the king of Babylon's army sat down before the city.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities:
People — Multitudes.
 And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts: I will go also.
I will go also — The invited, shall with as much zeal embrace the motion, as others made it.
 Yea, many people and strong nations shall come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the LORD.
In Jerusalem — Literally understood, you have the first fruits of them mentioned, Acts 2:10-12. Mystically, Jerusalem is the church of Christ.
To pray — To perform all gospel-worship.
 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.
Ten men — That is, many men.
All languages — No nation is any longer excluded.
A Jew — To whom the gospel was first preached.
We have heard — And now see, and are assured.
That God — The true God, the only true God, whom to know is life eternal.