Psalm 109 Bible Commentary

John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

(Read all of Psalm 109)

Verse 1

[1] Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;

God — The author and matter of all my praises.

Verse 4

[4] For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer.

Adversaries — They requite my love with enmity, as it is explained verse 5.

Verse 6

[6] Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

A wicked man — Who will rule him with rigour and cruelty.

Satan — To accuse him; for this was the place and posture of accusers in the Jewish courts.

Verse 7

[7] When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become sin.

Sin — Because it is not from his heart.

Verse 10

[10] Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places.

Desolate places — Into which they are fled for fear and shame.

Verse 11

[11] Let the extortioner catch all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labour.

Catch — Heb. ensnare, take away not only by oppression but also by cunning artificers.

Stranger — Who hath no right to his goods.

Verse 17

[17] As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him.

Delighted not — In desiring and promoting the welfare of others.

Verse 18

[18] As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones.

Garment — Which a man wears constantly.

Like water — Water in the cavity of the belly, between the bowels, is almost certain death. And oil soaking into any of the bones, will soon utterly destroy it.

Verse 20

[20] Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from the LORD, and of them that speak evil against my soul.

That speak evil against my soul — With design to take away my life.

Verse 21

[21] But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me.

Is good — Above the mercy of all the creatures.

Verse 23

[23] I am gone like the shadow when it declineth: I am tossed up and down as the locust.

When — Towards the evening, when the sun is setting.

The locust — Which is easily driven away with every wind.