Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,
The mountains — The inhabitants of the mountains, who were secure in their fastnesses.
 And say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys; Behold, I, even I, will bring a sword upon you, and I will destroy your high places.
Rivers — To those who dwell by river sides, or in the valleys.
High places — The places of your idolatrous worship.
 And your altars shall be desolate, and your images shall be broken: and I will cast down your slain men before your idols.
Cast down — Before the altars of your idols, which you fly to for refuge.
 And I will lay the dead carcases of the children of Israel before their idols; and I will scatter your bones round about your altars.
And — Thus the idols were upbraided with their inability to help their worshippers, and the idolaters, with the folly of trusting in them.
 In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.
Your works — All your costly work for your idols.
 Yet will I leave a remnant, that ye may have some that shall escape the sword among the nations, when ye shall be scattered through the countries.
Remnant — It is the Lord that preserves a remnant, the enemies rage would destroy all.
 And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.
Shall remember — So as to turn unto me.
Broken — I am much grieved.
Whorish heart — Idolatrous hearts depart from God, as an adulterous wife departs from her husband.
Loath — With a mixture of grief towards God, of indignation against themselves, and abhorrence of the offence.
 And they shall know that I am the LORD, and that I have not said in vain that I would do this evil unto them.
In vain — Either without cause, the sufferers gave him just cause to pronounce that evil; or without effect. Their sins where the cause, and their destruction is the effect of their sufferings.
 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Smite with thine hand, and stamp with thy foot, and say, Alas for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel! for they shall fall by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence.
Smite — To shew thy wonder, indignation, sorrow, and pity, for their sins and sufferings.
 He that is far off shall die of the pestilence; and he that is near shall fall by the sword; and he that remaineth and is besieged shall die by the famine: thus will I accomplish my fury upon them.
Far off — Either by flight, or captivity.
Shall fall — Who dwell near to Jerusalem, or would retire to it, when the Babylonians approach.
 So will I stretch out my hand upon them, and make the land desolate, yea, more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblath, in all their habitations: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
Wilderness — The horrid wilderness of Moab. Therein the fiery serpents so much annoyed Israel. Accordingly the land of Canaan is at this day one of the most desolate countries in the world.