2:1 And Hannah a prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine b horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is c enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
(a) After she had obtained a son by prayer she
(b) I have recovered strength and glory by the
benefit of the Lord.
(c) I can answer them that criticize my
2:3 Talk d
no more so exceeding proudly; let [not] arrogancy come out of your mouth: for
the LORD [is] a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
(d) In that you condemn my barrenness, you show
your pride against God.
2:5 [They that were]
full have hired out themselves for e
bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven;
and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
(e) They sell their labours for necessary food.
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the
dunghill, to set [them] among f princes,
and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are]
the g LORD'S, and he hath set the
world upon them.
(f) He prefers to honour, and does according to
his own will, though man's judgment is contrary.
(g) Therefore he may dispose all things according
to his will.
2:10 The adversaries of
the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them:
the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his h
king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
(h) She grounded her prayer on Jesus Christ who
was to come.
2:11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house.
And the child did minister unto the i
LORD before Eli the priest.
(i) In all that Eli commanded him.
2:12 Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial;
they k knew not the LORD.
(k) That is, they neglected his ordinance.
2:14 And he struck
[it] into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; l
all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in
Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither.
(l) Transgressing the order appointed in the Law,
7:31), for their bellies sake.
2:15 Also before they burnt the m
fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give
flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but
(m) Which was commanded first to have been
offered to God.
2:16 And [if] any man said unto him, Let them
not fail to burn the fat presently, and [then] take [as much] as thy soul n
desireth; then he would answer him, [Nay]; but thou shalt give [it me] now: and
if not, I will take [it] by force.
(n) Not passing for their own profit, so that God
might be served rightly.
2:17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was
very great before the LORD: for men o
abhorred the offering of the LORD.
(o) Seeing the horrible abuse of it.
Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how
they lay with the women that p assembled
[at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
(p) Which was (as the Hebrews write) after their
travail, when they came to be purified, read (Exodus
2:24 Nay, my sons; for
[it is] no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD'S people to q
(q) Because they contemn their duty to God, (1 Samuel
2:25 If one man sin against another, the judge
shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him?
Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the
LORD r would slay them.
(r) So that to obey good admonition is God's
mercy, and to disobey them is his just judgment for sin.
2:27 And there came a
man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly
appear unto the house of thy s father,
when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?
(s) That is, Aaron.
2:29 Wherefore t
kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my]
habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the
chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
(t) Why have you contemned my sacrifices, and as
it were trod them under foot?
2:30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I
said indeed [that] thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me
for ever: but now the LORD saith, u Be
it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me
shall be lightly esteemed.
(u) God's promises are only effective to those
he gives faith to fear and obey him.
2:31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off
thine x arm, and the arm of thy
father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
(x) Thy power and authority.
2:32 And thou y
shalt see an enemy [in my] habitation, in all [the wealth] which [God] shall
give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.
(y) Your posterity will see the glory of the
chief priest given to another, whom they will envy, (1 Kings
And I will raise me up a z faithful
priest, [that] shall do according to [that] which [is] in mine heart and in my
mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed
(z) Meaning Zadok, who succeeded Abiathar, and
was the figure of Christ.
2:36 And it shall come to pass, [that] every
one that is left in thine house shall come [and] a
crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put
me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of
(a) That is, will be inferior to him.