119:1 ALEPH. Blessed [are] a the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.
(a) Here they are not called blessed who think
themselves wise in their own judgment, nor who imagine to themselves a certain
holiness, but they whose conversation is without hypocrisy.
119:3 They also do b
no iniquity: they walk in his ways.
(b) For they are ruled by God's Spirit and
embrace no doctrine but his.
O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes!
(c) David acknowledges his imperfection, desiring
God to reform it, that his life may be conformable to God's word.
119:7 I will praise thee with
uprightness of d heart, when I shall
have learned thy righteous e judgments.
(d) For true religion stands in serving God
(e) That is, your precepts, which contain perfect
119:8 I will keep thy statutes: O forsake me not f
(f) He does not refuse to be tried by
temptations, but he fears to faint, if God does not help his infirmity in
119:9 BETH. Wherewithal shall a a
young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.
(a) Because youth is most given to
licentiousness, he chiefly warns them to frame their lives after God's word.
119:11 Thy word have I b
hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
(b) If God's word is carved in our hearts, we
will be more able to resist the assaults of Satan: and therefore the prophet
desires God to instruct him daily more and more in it.
I have c rejoiced in the way of thy
testimonies, as [much as] in all riches.
(c) The prophet does not boast of his virtues,
but sets forth an example for others to follow God's word, and leave worldly
GIMEL. Deal bountifully with thy servant, [that] I may a
live, and keep thy word.
(a) He shows that we should not desire to live
but to serve God, and that we can not serve him correctly unless he opens our
eyes and minds.
119:19 I [am] a b
stranger in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.
(b) Seeing man's life in this world is only a
passage, what should become of him, if your word were not his guide?
119:21 Thou c
hast rebuked the proud [that are] cursed, which do err from thy commandments.
(c) In all ages you have plagued all such who
maliciously and contemptuously depart from your truth.
Princes also did sit [and] speak against me: [but] thy servant did meditate in
(d) When the powers of the world gave false
sentence against me, your word was a guide and counsellor to teach me what to
do, and to comfort me.
119:25 DALETH. My soul
cleaveth unto the a dust: quicken thou
me according to thy word.
(a) That is, it is almost brought to the grave
and without your word I cannot live.
119:26 I have b
declared my ways, and thou heardest me: teach me thy statutes.
(b) I have confessed my offences and now depend
wholly on you.
119:28 My soul melteth for
heaviness: strengthen thou me according unto thy c
(c) If God did not maintain us by his word, our
life would drop away like water.
119:29 Remove from me the d
way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.
(d) Instruct me in your word, by which my mind
may be purged from vanity and taught to obey your will.
I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt e
enlarge my heart.
(e) By this he shows that we can neither choose
good, cleave to God's word, nor turn forward in his way, unless he make our
hearts large to receive grace, and willing to obey.
119:33 HE. Teach a
me, O LORD, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it [unto] the end.
(a) He shows that he cannot follow on to the end,
unless God teaches him often and leads him forward.
119:34 Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy
law; yea, I shall observe it with [my] whole b
(b) Not only in outward conversation, but also
with inward affection.
119:36 Incline my heart
unto thy testimonies, and not to c
(c) By this, meaning all other vices, because
covetousness is the root of all evil.
119:37 Turn away mine d
eyes from beholding vanity; [and] quicken thou me in thy way.
(d) Meaning, all his senses.
119:39 Turn away e
my reproach which I fear: for thy judgments [are] good.
(e) Let me not fall to your dishonour but let my
heart still delight in your gracious word.
119:40 Behold, I have longed after thy precepts: f
quicken me in thy righteousness.
(f) Give me strength to continue in your word
even to the end.
119:41 VAU. Let thy a
mercies come also unto me, O LORD, [even] thy salvation, according to thy word.
(a) He shows that God's mercy and love is the
first reason for our salvation.
119:42 So shall I b
have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me: for I trust in thy word.
(b) By trusting in God's word he assures
himself to be able to confute the slanders of his adversaries.
And I will c walk at liberty: for I seek
(c) They who simply walk after God's word have
no nets to entangle them, while they who do contrary are ever in nets and
119:46 I will speak of thy testimonies also before
d kings, and will not be ashamed.
(d) He shows that the children of God should not
permit their fathers glory to be obscured by the vain pomp of princes.
ZAIN. Remember a the word unto thy
servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope.
(a) Though he feels God's hand still lies on
him, yet he rests on his promise, and comforts himself in it.
119:51 The b
proud have had me greatly in derision: [yet] have I not declined from thy law.
(b) Meaning the wicked who contemn God's word,
and tread his religion under foot.
119:52 I remembered thy c
judgments of old, O LORD; and have comforted myself.
(c) That is, the examples, by which you declare
yourself to be judge of the world.
Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
(d) That is, a vehement zeal to your glory and
indignation against the wicked.
119:54 Thy statutes have been my songs in the
house of my e pilgrimage.
(e) In the course of this life and sorrowful
119:55 I have remembered thy name, O LORD, in the f
night, and have kept thy law.
(f) Even when others sleep.
This I had, because I kept thy precepts.
(g) That is, all these benefits.
119:57 CHETH. [Thou art] my a
portion, O LORD: I have said that I would keep thy words.
(a) I am persuaded that to keep your law is a
heritage and great gain for me.
119:59 I thought on my b
ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies.
(b) He shows that no one can embrace the word of
God, unless he considers his own imperfections and ways.
119:61 The bands of the
wicked have c robbed me: [but] I have
not forgotten thy law.
(c) They have gone about to draw me into their
119:63 I [am] a d
companion of all [them] that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.
(d) Not only in mutual consent, but also with aid
119:64 The earth, O LORD, is full of thy mercy: e
teach me thy statutes.
(e) For the knowledge of God's word is a
singular token of his favour.
119:65 TETH. Thou hast dealt a
well with thy servant, O LORD, according unto thy word.
(a) Having proved by experience that God was true
in his promise, he desires that he would increase in him knowledge and
119:67 Before I was b
afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word.
(b) So Jeremiah says, that before the Lord
touched him, he was like a calf untamed so that the use of God's rod is to
call us home to God.
c Their heart is as fat as grease; [but]
I delight in thy law.
(c) Their heart is indurate and hardened, puffed
up with prosperity and vain estimation of themselves.
119:71 [It is] d
good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes.
(d) He confesses that before he was chastened he
was rebellious as man by nature is.
119:73 JOD. Thy hands have a
made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy
(a) Because God does not leave his work that he
has begun, he desires a new grace: that is, that he would continue his
119:74 They that b
fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word.
(b) When God shows his grace toward any, he
testifies to others that he does not fail them who trust in him.
Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may c
live: for thy law [is] my delight.
(c) He declares that when he did not feel God's
mercies, he was as dead.
119:79 Let those that fear
thee d turn unto me, and those that have
e known thy testimonies.
(d) That is, be comforted by my example.
(e) He shows that there can be no true fear of
God without the knowledge of his word.
119:81 CAPH. My soul a
fainteth for thy salvation: [but] I hope in thy word.
(a) Though my strength fails me, yet my soul
groans and sighs, resting still in your word.
119:83 For I am become like
a b bottle in the smoke; [yet] do I not
forget thy statutes.
(b) Like a skin bottle or bladder that is parched
in the smoke.
119:84 How many [are] the c
days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute judgment on them that persecute me?
(c) How long will you afflict your servant.
119:85 The proud have d
digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.
(d) They have not only oppressed me violently but
also craftily conspired against me.
119:86 All thy commandments [are] faithful: they
persecute me wrongfully; e help thou me.
(e) He assures himself that God will deliver his
and destroy such as unjustly persecute them.
119:87 They had almost consumed f
me upon earth; but I forsook not thy precepts.
(f) Finding no help on earth, he lifts up his
eyes to heaven.
119:89 LAMED. For ever, O
LORD, thy word is settled in a heaven.
(a) Because no one should esteem God's word
according to the changes of things in this world, he shows that it abides in
heaven, and therefore is immutable.
119:91 They b
continue this day according to thine ordinances: for all [are] thy servants.
(b) Seeing the earth and all creatures remain in
that estate in which you have created them, much more your truth remains
constant and unchangeable.
I [am] c thine, save me; for I have
sought thy precepts.
(c) He proves by effect that he is God's child,
because he seeks to understand his word.
119:96 I d
have seen an end of all perfection: [but] thy commandment [is] exceeding broad.
(d) There is nothing so perfect in earth, but it
has an end, only God's word lasts forever.
119:97 MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my
meditation a all the day.
(a) He shows that we cannot love God's word
unless we exercise ourselves in it and practise it.
119:99 I have more b
understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies [are] my meditation.
(b) Whoever submits himself only to God's word
will not only be safe against the practises of his enemies, but also learn
more wisdom than they who profess it, and are men of experience.
I have not departed from thy judgments: for c
thou hast taught me.
(c) So then of ourselves we can do nothing, but
when God inwardly instructs us with his spirit, we feel his graces sweeter
NUN. Thy word [is] a a lamp unto my
feet, and a light unto my path.
(a) Of ourselves we are but darkness and cannot
see unless we are lightened with God's Word.
119:106 I have b
sworn, and I will perform [it], that I will keep thy righteous judgments.
(b) So all the faithful ought to bind themselves
to God by a solemn oath and promises to stir up their zeal to embrace God's
119:108 Accept, I beseech
thee, the c freewill offerings of my
mouth, O LORD, and teach me thy judgments.
(c) That is, my prayer and thanksgiving which
Hosea calls the calves of the lips, (Hosea
119:109 My d
soul [is] continually in my hand: yet do I not forget thy law.
(d) That is, I am in continual danger of my life.
119:111 Thy testimonies
have I taken as an e heritage for ever:
for they [are] the rejoicing of my heart.
(e) I esteemed no worldly things, but made your
word my inheritance.
119:113 SAMECH. I hate a
[vain] thoughts: but thy law do I love.
(a) Whoever will embrace God's word correctly
must abhor all fantasies and imaginations both of himself and others.
Depart from me, ye evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.
(b) And hinder me not to keep the law of the
Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes
(c) He desires God's continual assistance, lest
he should faint in this race, which he had begun.
119:118 Thou hast trodden down all them that err
from thy statutes: for their d deceit
(d) The crafty practises of them who contemn your
law will be brought to nothing.
119:119 Thou puttest away all the wicked of the
earth [like] e dross: therefore I love
(e) Which infected your people, as dross does
119:120 My flesh f
trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
(f) Your judgments not only teach me obedience,
but cause me to fear, considering my own weakness which fear causes
Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.
(a) Put yourself between me and my enemies, as if
you were my pledge.
119:124 Deal with thy b
servant according unto thy mercy, and teach me thy statutes.
(b) He does not boast that he is God's servant,
but by this reminds God that as he made him his by his grace, so he would
continue his favour toward him.
119:126 [It is] c
time for [thee], LORD, to work: [for] they have made void thy law.
(c) The prophet shows that when the wicked have
brought all things to confusion, and God's word to utter contempt, then it
is God's time to help and send remedy.
119:128 Therefore I
esteem all [thy] precepts [concerning] all [things to be] right; [and] I hate
every false d way.
(d) That is, whatever dissents from the purity of
119:129 PE. Thy testimonies [are] a
wonderful: therefore doth my soul keep them.
(a) Containing high and secret mysteries, so that
I am moved with admiration and reverence.
119:130 The entrance of thy b
words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
(b) The simple idiots that submit themselves to
God have their eyes opened and their minds illuminated, as soon as they begin
to read God's word.
119:131 I opened my mouth, and c
panted: for I longed for thy commandments.
(c) My zeal toward your word was so great.
Rivers of waters d run down mine eyes,
because they keep not thy law.
(d) He shows what should be the zeal of God's
children when they see his word contemned.
119:138 Thy testimonies
[that] thou hast commanded [are] a
righteous and very faithful.
(a) We cannot confess God to be righteous, unless
we live uprightly and truly as he has commanded.
I [am] c small and despised: [yet] do
not I forget thy precepts.
(c) This is the true trial to praise God in
The righteousness of thy testimonies [is] everlasting: give me understanding,
and I shall d live.
(d) So that the life of man without the knowledge
of God is death.
119:145 KOPH. I a
cried with [my] whole heart; hear me, O LORD: I will keep thy statutes.
(a) He shows that all his affection and whole
heart were bent toward God to have help in his dangers.
Mine eyes b prevent the [night] watches,
that I might meditate in thy word.
(b) He was more earnest in the study of God's
word, than they who kept the watch were in their charge.
119:150 They draw nigh
that follow after c mischief: they are
far from thy law.
(c) He shows the nature of the wicked to be to
persecute against their conscience.
Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old that thou hast founded them for
(d) His faith is grounded on God's word, that
he would always be at hand when his children are oppressed.
119:154 Plead my cause,
and deliver me: quicken me according to thy a
(a) For without God's promise there is no hope
119:156 Great [are] thy
tender mercies, O LORD: quicken me according to thy b
(b) According to your promise made in the law,
which because the wicked lack they have no hope of salvation.
119:158 I beheld the
transgressors, and was c grieved;
because they kept not thy word.
(c) My zeal consumed me when I saw their malice
and contempt for your glory.
119:159 Consider how I d
love thy precepts: quicken me, O LORD, according to thy lovingkindness.
(d) It is a sure sign of our adoption, when we
love the Law of God.
119:160 Thy word [is] true [from] the e
beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments [endureth] for ever.
(e) Since you first promised it, even to the end
all your sayings are true.
119:161 SCHIN. Princes have a
persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
(a) The threatenings and persecutions of princes
could not cause me to cease to confess you whom I fear more than men.
b Seven times a day do I praise thee
because of thy righteous judgments.
(b) That is, often and various times.
119:165 Great peace have they which c
love thy law: and nothing shall offend them.
(c) For their conscience assures them that they
please you, whereas they who do not love you have the contrary.
119:166 LORD, I have d
hoped for thy salvation, and done thy commandments.
(d) He shows that we must first have faith before
we can work and please God.
119:168 I have kept thy
precepts and thy testimonies: e for all
my ways [are] before thee.
(e) I had no respect for men, but set you always
before my eyes as the judge of my doings.
119:169 TAU. Let my cry come near before thee, O
LORD: give me understanding a according
to thy word.
(a) As you have promised to be the schoolmaster
to all who depend on you.
119:171 My lips shall b
utter praise, when thou hast c taught me
(b) The word means to pour forth continually.
(c) All his prayer and desire is to profit in the
word of God.
Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy d
judgments help me.
(d) That is, your provident care over me, and
with which you will judge my enemies.
119:176 I have e
gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy
(e) Being chased to and fro by my enemies, and
having no place to rest in.