31:3 And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go a against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.
(a) As he had commanded in (Numbers
25:17), declaring also that the injury done against his people is done
Moses sent them to the war, a thousand of [every] tribe, them and b
Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy instruments,
and the trumpets to blow in his hand.
(b) For his great zeal that he bare for the Lord,
31:8 And they slew the kings of
Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and
Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: c
Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
(c) The false prophet who gave counsel how to
cause the Israelites to offend their God.
And they brought the d captives, and the
prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the
congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab,
which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
(d) As the women and little children.
And Moses said unto them, Have ye saved all the e
(e) As though he said, you should have spared
31:16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel,
through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the LORD f
in the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of the
(f) For worshipping of Peor.
31:17 Now therefore kill every male among the g
little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
(g) That is, all the boy children.
Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make [it] go through the fire, and
it shall be clean: nevertheless it shall be h
purified with the water of separation: and all that abideth not the fire ye
shall make go through the i water.
(h) The third day and before it is molten.
(i) It shall be washed.
And levy a tribute unto the LORD of the k
men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred, [both] of the
persons, and of the beeves, and of the asses, and of the sheep:
(k) Of the prey that falls to the soldiers.
31:30 And of the children of
Israel's half, thou shalt take l one
portion of fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the
flocks, of all manner of beasts, and give them unto the Levites, which keep the
charge of the tabernacle of the LORD.
(l) The Israelites who had not been at war, of
every fiftieth paid one to the Lord: and the soldiers one of every five
And the m LORD'S tribute of the sheep
was six hundred and threescore and fifteen.
(m) This is the portion that the soldiers gave to
And n the persons [were] sixteen
thousand; of which the LORD'S tribute [was] thirty and two persons.
(n) Meaning, of the maids, or virgins who had not
slept with a man.
31:42 And of the children of
Israel's o half, which Moses divided
from the men that warred,
(o) Of that part which was given to them in
dividing the spoil.
Even of the p children of Israel's
half, Moses took one portion of fifty, [both] of man and of beast, and gave them
unto the Levites, which kept the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD; as the
LORD commanded Moses.
(p) Which had not been at war.
We have therefore brought an oblation for the LORD, what every man hath gotten,
of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, to make
an atonement for our souls before the LORD.
(q) The captains by the free offering acknowledge
the great benefit of God in preserving his people.
([For] the men of war had taken spoil, every man for r
(r) And gave no portion to their captains.
31:54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the
gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the
tabernacle of the congregation, [for] a s
memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD.
(s) that the Lord might remember the children of