Numbers 30 Bible Commentary

The Geneva Study Bible

(Read all of Numbers 30)
30:1 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes a concerning the children of Israel, saying, This [is] the thing which the LORD hath commanded.

(a) Because they might declare them to the Israelites.

30:4 And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his b peace at her: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.

(b) For in so doing he approves her.

30:5 But if her c father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.

(c) By not approving or consenting to her vow.

30:6 And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or d uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;

(d) Either by oath, or solemn promise.

30:8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard [it]; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her e soul, of none effect: and the LORD shall forgive her.

(e) For she is in subjection to her husband, and can perform nothing without his consent.

30:9 But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand f against her.

(f) For they are not under the authority of the man.

30:10 And if she vowed in her husband's h house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;

(h) Her husband being alive.

30:13 Every vow, and every binding oath to h afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

(h) To mortify herself by abstinence or other bodily exercise.

30:14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from i day to day; then he establisheth all her vows, or all her bonds, which [are] upon her: he confirmeth them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard [them].

(i) And warn her not the same day that he hears it, as in (Numbers 30:8).

30:15 But if he shall any ways k make them void after that he hath heard [them]; then he shall bear her iniquity.

(k) Not the same day he heard them, but some day after, the sin will be imputed to him and not to her.