18:2 1 And Jesus called a a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them,
(1) Humbleness of mind is the right way to
(a) A child in years.
18:3 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be b
converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of
(b) An idiom taken from the Hebrews which is
equivalent to "repent".
But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were
better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and [that] he were
drowned in the depth of the sea.
(2) We ought to have great respect for our
brethren no matter how base they may be: and he that does otherwise shall be
18:7 3 Woe
unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that c
offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!
(3) A good man cannot help but experience
offences, yet he must by no means offer offence.
(c) Obstructions and hindrances which stop the
course of good works. The Greek word conveys the sense of things which we
18:8 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot d
offend thee, cut them off, and cast [them] from thee: it is better for thee to
enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be
cast into everlasting fire.
(d) See Geneva
Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That
in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in
(4) The weaker that a man is, the greater care we
ought to have for his salvation, as God teaches us by his own example.
5 Moreover if thy brother shall trespass
against e thee, go and tell him his
fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy
(5) We must strive for agreement, and not to
(e) If his offence is such that only you know
your brother's offence.
18:16 But if he will not hear [thee, then] take
with thee one or two more, that in the f
mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be g
(f) That is, by the word and witness; the mouth
is sometimes taken for the word of speech, (Numbers
3:16), and also for a still witness, namely, when the matter speaks for
itself, as below in (Matthew
(g) Sure and certain.
18:17 6 And
if he shall h neglect to hear them, tell
[it] unto the i church: but if he
neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as k
an heathen man and a publican.
(6) He that condemns the judgment of the Church,
(h) Literally, "does not condescend to
hear", or "make as though he did not hear".
(i) He speaks not of just any policy, but of an
ecclesiastical assembly, for he speaks afterward of the power of loosing and
binding, which belonged to the Church, and he has regard for the order used in
those days, at which time the elders had the judgment of Church matters in
their hands, (John
and used casting out of the synagogue for a punishment, as we do now by
(k) Profane, and void of religion: such men, the
Jews called Gentiles: whose company they shunned, as they did the publicans.
18:19 Again I say unto you,
That if two of you shall l agree on
earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my
Father which is in heaven.
(l) This word, which is normally used of the
body, is here used of the mind, for it belongs properly to poetry.
Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me,
and I forgive him? till seven times?
(7) They will find God severe and not too
pleased, who do not forgive their brethren even if they have been purposely
and grievously injured by them.
And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him m
ten thousand talents.
(m) Here is set down a very great sum of six
thousand crowns, that the difference may be the greater, for there is no
proportion between them.
18:26 The servant therefore
fell down, and n worshipped him, saying,
Lord, o have patience with me, and I
will pay thee all.
(n) This was a polite reverence which was very
common in the East.
(o) Yield not too much to your anger against me:
so is God called in the Scripture, slow to anger, that is to say, gentle, and
one that refrains his fierce wrath, (Psalms
86:5); patient and of great mercy.