12:1 In 1 the mean time, when there were gathered together a an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
(1) The faithful teachers of God's word, who
are appointed by him for his people, must both take good heed of those who
corrupt the purity of doctrine with smooth speech, and also take pains through
the help of God to set forth sincere doctrine, openly and without fear.
(a) Literally, "ten thousand of
people", a certain number which is given for an uncertain number.
And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and
after that have no more that they can do.
(2) Although hypocrites have princes to execute
their cruelty, yet there is no reason why we should be afraid of them, even by
the smallest amount that may be, seeing that they can do nothing except that
which pleases God, and God does not will anything that may be against the
salvation of his elect.
12:5 But I will b
forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power
to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
(b) He warns them of dangers that presently hang
over their heads, for those that come upon one suddenly make a greater wound.
Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of
man also confess before the angels of God:
(3) Great is the reward of a constant confession:
and horrible is the punishment for denying Christ; yea, it will be impossible
to call the punishment back again, if on purpose, both with mouth and heart we
blaspheme a known truth.
And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and [unto] magistrates, and powers,
take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:
(4) It is a great and difficult conflict to
confess the truth, yet God who can do all things and is almighty will provide
strength to the weakest who struggle greatly and do battle in God's
And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he
divide the inheritance with me.
(5) For three reasons Christ would not be a judge
to divide an inheritance. First, because he would not support and uphold the
fleshly opinion that the Jews had of Messiah: secondly, because he wanted to
distinguish the civil government from the ecclesiastical: thirdly, to teach us
to beware of those which abuse the show of the gospel, and also the name of
ministers, for their own private well-being.
12:15 And he said unto them,
Take heed, and beware of c covetousness:
for a man's life d consisteth not in
the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
(c) By covetousness is meant that greedy desire
to get, commonly causing hurt to other men.
(d) God is the author and preserver of man's
life; goods are not.
12:16 6 And
he spake a parable unto them, saying, The e
ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:
(6) There are none more mad than rich men who
depend upon their riches.
(e) Or rather country, for here is set forth a
man that possesses not only a piece of ground, but a whole country, as they do
who join house to house, and field to field; (Isaiah
12:17 And he f
thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to
bestow my fruits?
(f) Reckoned with himself, which is the
characteristic of covetous surly men who spend their life in those trifles.
12:19 And I will say to my
soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat,
drink, [and] g be merry.
(g) Be merry and make good cheer.
12:21 So [is] he that layeth
up treasure h for himself, and is not
rich toward God.
(h) Caring for no man but for himself, and making
sure to trust in himself.
12:22 7 And
he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your
life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on.
(7) Earnestly thinking upon the providence of God
is a present remedy for this life against the most foolish and wasting worry
And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither i
be ye of doubtful mind.
(i) A metaphor taken of things that hang in the
air, for those that care too much for this worldly life, and rely upon the arm
of man, always have wavering and doubtful minds, swaying sometimes this way,
and sometimes that way.
But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto
(8) They will lack nothing who are diligent for
the kingdom of heaven.
Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the
(9) It is a foolish thing not to look for small
things at the hands of him who freely gives us the greatest things.
Sell that ye have, and give k alms;
provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that
faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
(10) A godly bountifulness is a proper way to get
(k) This is the figure of speech metonymy, for by
this word "alms" is meant that compassion and friendliness of a
heart that cares tenderly for the misery and poor condition of a man, and
shows this feeling by some gift, and has the name given to it in the Greek
language of mercy and compassion: and therefore he is said to give alms who
gives something to another, and gives to the poor, showing by this that he
pities their poor condition.
Let your loins be girded about, and [your] lights burning;
(11) The life of the faithful servants of God in
this world is certainly a diligent journey, having the light of the word going
before the journey.
12 Be ye therefore ready also: for the
Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.
(12) None need to watch more than they that have
some degree of honour in the household of God.
12:42 And the Lord said, Who
then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over
his household, to give [them their] l
portion of meat in due season?
(l) That is, every month the measure of corn that
was given to them.
But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten
with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much
required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask m
(m) More than the one who did not receive as
12:49 13 I
am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
(13) The gospel is the only reason of peace
between the godly, and so it is the occasion of great trouble among the
14 And he said also to the people, When
ye see a cloud n rise out of the west,
straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
(14) Men who are very quick to see with regard to
earthly things are blind with regard to those things which pertain to the
heavenly life, and this through their own malice.
(n) Which appears, and gathers itself together in
that part of the air.
Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye not what is right?
(15) Men that are blinded with the love of
themselves, and therefore are detestable and stubborn, will bear the
punishment of their folly.
12:58 When thou goest with thine adversary to the
magistrate, [as thou art] in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be
delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee
to the o officer, and the officer cast
thee into prison.
(o) To him that has to demand and gather the
fines from those who were fined at the discretion of the court, people who had
wrongly troubled men: moreover, the magistrate's officers make those who are
condemned pay what they owe, yea and often if they are obstinate, they not
only take the fine, but also imprison them.