11:2 And it came to pass, a as b they journeyed from the c east, that they found a plain in the land of d Shinar; and they dwelt there.
(a) One hundred and thirty years after the flood.
(b) That is, Nimrod and his company.
(c) That is, from Armenia where the ark stayed.
(d) Which was afterward called Chaldea.
11:4 And they said, Go to, let
us e build us a city and a tower, whose
top [may reach] unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered
abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
(e) They were moved with pride and ambition,
preferring their own glory to God's honour.
11:5 And the LORD f
came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.
(f) Meaning, that he declared by effect, that he
knew their wicked enterprise; for God's power is everywhere, and neither
ascends nor descends.
11:6 And the LORD said, g
Behold, the people [is] one, and they have all one language; and this they begin
to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to
(g) God speaks this in derision, because of their
foolish persuasion and enterprise.
11:7 Go to, h
let us go down, and i there confound
their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
(h) He speaks as though he took counsel with his
own wisdom and power: that is, with the Son and holy Spirit: signifying the
greatness and certainty of the punishment.
(i) By this great plague of the confusion of
tongues appears God's horrible judgment against man's pride and vain
These [are] the generations k of Shem:
Shem [was] an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:
(k) He returns to the genealogy of Shem, to come
to the history of Abram, in which the Church of God is described, which is
Moses' principle purpose.
Now these [are] the generations of Terah: Terah begat 1
Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.
(1) He makes mention first of Abram, not because
he was the first born, but for the history which properly belongs to him. Also
Abram at the confusion of tongues was 43 years old, for in the destruction of
Sodom he was 99 and it was destroyed 52 years after the confusion of tongues.
11:29 And Abram and Nahor
took them wives: the name of Abram's wife [was] Sarai; and the name of
Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the
father of m Iscah.
(m) Some think that this Iscah was Sarai.
11:31 And n
Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai
his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from
Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto o
Haran, and dwelt there.
(n) Though the oracle of God came to Abram, yet
the honour is given to Terah, because he was the father.
(o) Which was a city of Mesopotamia.