9:1 In the
first year of Darius the son of a
Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the b
realm of the Chaldeans;
(a) Who was also called Astyages.
(b) For Cyrus led with ambition, and went about
wars in other countries, and therefore Darius had the title of the kingdom,
even though Cyrus was king in effect.
9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel
understood by c books the number of the
years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would
accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
(c) For even though he was an excellent Prophet,
yet he daily increased in knowledge by the reading of the scriptures.
9:3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to d
seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:
(d) He does not speak of that ordinary prayer,
which he used in his house three times a day, but of a rare and vehement
prayer, lest their sins should cause God to delay the time of their
deliverance prophesied by Jeremiah.
9:4 And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my
confession, and said, O Lord, the e
great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him,
and to them that keep his commandments;
(e) That is, has all power in yourself to execute
your terrible judgments against obstinate sinners, as you are rich in mercy to
comfort those who obey your word and love you.
9:7 O Lord, f
righteousness [belongeth] unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this
day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all
Israel, [that are] near, and [that are] far off, through all the countries
whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have
trespassed against thee.
(f) He shows that whenever God punishes, he does
it for just cause: and thus the godly never accuse him of rigour as the wicked
do, but acknowledge that in themselves there is just cause why he should so
9:8 O Lord, to us [belongeth] confusion of face, to
our g kings, to our princes, and to our
fathers, because we have sinned against thee.
(g) He does not excuse the kings because of their
authority, but prays chiefly for them as the chief occasions of these great
9:10 Neither have we obeyed the h
voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his
servants the prophets.
(h) He shows that they rebel against God, who do
not serve him according to his commandment and word.
9:11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even
by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the i
curse is poured upon us, and the oath that [is] written in the law of Moses the
servant of God, because we have sinned against him.
O Lord, according to all thy k
righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from
thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the
iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people [are become] a reproach to
all [that are] about us.
(k) That is, according to all your merciful
promises and the performance of them.
9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of
thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to l
shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the m
(l) Show yourself favourable.
(m) That is, for your Christ's sake, in whom
you will accept all of our prayers.
9:18 O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open
thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy
name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our n
righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies.
(n) Declaring that the godly flee only to God's
mercies, and renounce their own works, when they seek for remission of their
9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, o
hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy
people are called by thy name.
(o) Thus he could not content himself with any
vehemency of words: for he was so led with a fervent zeal, considering God's
promise made to the city in respect of his Church, and for the advancement of
Seventy p weeks are determined upon q
thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the r
transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for
iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision
and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
(p) He alludes to Jeremiah's prophecy, who
prophesied that their captivity would be seventy years: but now God's mercy
would exceed his judgment seven times as much, which would be 490 years, even
until the coming of Christ, and so then it would continue forever.
(q) Meaning Daniel's nation, over whom he was
(r) To show mercy and to put sin out of
9:25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from s
the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the
Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven t
weeks, and u threescore and two weeks:
the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
(s) That is, from the time that Cyrus gave them
permission to depart.
(t) These weeks make forty-nine years, of which
forty-six are referred to the time of the building of the temple, and three to
the laying of the foundation.
(u) Counting from the sixth year of Darius, who
gave the second commandment for the building of the temple are sixty-two
weeks, which make 434 years, which comprehend the time from the building of
the temple until the baptism of Christ.
9:26 And after threescore and two x
weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but y
not for himself: and the people of the z
prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end
thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are
(x) In this week of the seventy, will Christ come
and preach and suffer death.
(y) He will seem to have no beauty, nor to be of
any estimation; (Isaiah
(z) Meaning Titus, Vespasians's son, who would
come and destroy both the temple, and the people, without any hope of
9:27 And he a
shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week
he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to b
cease, c and for the overspreading of
abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that
determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
(a) By the preaching of the Gospel he affirmed
his promise, first to the Jews, and after to the Gentiles.
(b) Christ accomplished this by his death and
(c) Meaning that Jerusalem and the sanctuary
would be utterly destroyed because of their rebellion against God, and their
idolatry: or as some read, that the plague will be so great, that they will
all be astonished at them.