10:1 In the a third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing [was] true, but the time appointed [was] b long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
(a) He notes this third year, because at this
time the building of the temple began to be hindered by Cambyses, Cyrus's
son, when the father made war in Asia minor against the Scythians, which was
discouraging to the godly, and fearful to Daniel.
(b) Which is to declare that the godly should not
hasten too much, but patiently abide the fulfilment of God's promise.
in the four and twentieth day of the c
first month, as I d was by the side of
the great river, which [is] Hiddekel;
(c) Called Abib, which contains part of March,
and part of April.
(d) Being carried by the Spirit of prophecy so
that he could see the river Tigris.
10:5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and
behold a certain man e clothed in linen,
whose loins [were] girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
(e) This was the angel of God, who was sent to
assure Daniel in this prophecy that follows.
Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no
strength in me: for f my comeliness was
turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
(f) So that because of fear he was like a dead
man because of his deformity.
10:10 And, behold, an g
hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and [upon] the palms of my hands.
(g) Which declares that when we are struck down
with the majesty of God we cannot rise, unless he also lifts us up with his
hand, which is his power.
But the h prince of the kingdom of
Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, i
Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with
the kings of Persia.
(h) Meaning Cambyses, who reigned in his
father's absence, and did not only for this time hinder the building of the
temple, but would have further raged, if God had not sent me to resist him:
and therefore I have stayed for the profit of the Church.
(i) Even though God could by one angel destroy
all the world, yet to assure his children of his love he sends forth double
power, even Michael, that is, Christ Jesus the head of angels.
10:14 Now I am come to make thee understand what
shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the k
vision [is] for [many] days.
(k) For even though the Prophet Daniel would end
and cease, yet his doctrine would continue until the coming of Christ, for the
comfort of his Church.
10:16 And, behold, l
[one] like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my
mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, m
by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
(l) This was the same angel that spoke with him
before in the appearance of a man.
(m) I was overcome with fear and sorrow, when I
saw the vision.
And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: n
peace [be] unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me,
I o was strengthened, and said, Let my
lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.
(n) He declares by this that God would be
merciful to the people of Israel.
(o) Which declares that when God smites his
children down, he does not immediately lift them up at once (for now the Angel
had touched him twice), but by little and little.
10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come
unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I
am gone forth, lo, the p prince of
Grecia shall come.
(p) Meaning that he would not only himself bridle
the rage of Cambyses, but also the other kings of Persia by Alexander the King
10:21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in
the scripture of truth: q and [there is]
none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.
(q) For this angel was appointed for the defence
of the Church under Christ, who is the head of it.