1:1 The 1 former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to a do and teach,
(1) Luke switches over from the history of the
Gospel, that is from the history of the sayings and doings of Christ, unto the
Acts of the Apostles.
(a) The acts of Jesus are the miracles and deeds
which showed his Godhead, and his most perfect holiness, and examples of his
To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many b
infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things
pertaining to the kingdom of God:
(2) Christ did not immediately ascend into heaven
after his resurrection in order to thoroughly prove his resurrection, and with
his presence strengthen and encourage his Apostles in the doctrine which they
(b) He called those things infallible proofs
which are otherwise termed necessary: now in that Christ spoke, and walked,
and ate, and was felt by many, these are sure signs and proofs that he truly
1:4 And, being c
assembled together with [them], commanded them that they should not depart from
Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, [saith he], ye have
heard of me.
(c) They were dispersed here and there, but he
gathers them together so that all of them might together be witnesses of his
1:5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall
be baptized d with the Holy Ghost not
many days hence.
(d) Either by the Father, or by me: so that
either the Father or Christ is set here contrasted with John, as the Holy
Spirit is contrasted with water, as things that are comparable to one another.
1:6 3 When
they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at
this time e restore again the kingdom to
(3) We must fight before we triumph, and we must
not search curiously after those things which God has not revealed.
(e) To the old and ancient state.
1:7 And he said unto them, It is not for you to know
the times or the f seasons, which the
Father hath put in his own power.
(f) That is, the proper occasions that provide
opportunities for doing matters, which occasions the Lord has appointed to
bring things to pass in.
And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a
cloud received him out of their sight.
(4) After Christ had promised the full power of
the Holy Spirit, with whom he would govern his church (even though he would be
absent in body), he took up his body from us into heavenly tabernacles to
remain there until the latter day of judgment, as the angels witness.
1:11 Which also said, Ye men of
Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up g
from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into
(g) That is, out of your sight.
1:12 Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the
mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath h
(h) About two miles.
1:13 5 And
when they were i come in, they went up
into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew,
Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and
Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.
(5) Ecclesiastical assemblies to hear the word,
and to make common prayer, were first instituted and kept in private houses by
(i) They went into the house which the Church had
chosen at that time to be a gathering place for the whole assembly.
1:14 These all k
continued with l one accord in m
prayer and supplication, with the n
women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his o
(k) The Greek word signifies an invincible
constancy and steadfastness.
(l) It is to good purpose that this agreement is
mentioned: for those prayers are most acceptable to God which are made with
agreeing minds and wills.
(m) The disciples prayed for the sending of the
Holy Spirit, and also to be delivered from present dangers, of which there
were many that they were experiencing.
(n) For it was appropriate to have the wives
strengthened and encouraged who would afterwards be partakers of the dangers
with their husbands.
(o) With his relatives.
1:15 6 And
in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the
number of p names together were about an
hundred and twenty,)
(6) Peter is made the spokesman and interpreter
of the whole company of the Apostles, either by secret revelation of the Holy
Spirit, or by the express judgment of the congregation.
(p) Because men are commonly referred to and
enrolled by their names.
1:16 7 Men
[and] brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy
Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to
them that took Jesus.
(7) Peter anticipates the offence that might be
taken at the falling away of Judas the betrayer, showing that all things which
happened to him were foretold by God.
1:18 Now this man q
purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and r
falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
(q) Luke did not consider Judas' purpose, but
that which followed it, and so we used to say that a man has done himself
harm, not that he wanted and intended to, but in respect of that which
(r) The Greek words signify this much, that Judas
fell down flat and was torn apart in the middle, with a tremendously great
1:20 For it is written in the
book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein:
and his s bishoprick let another take.
(s) His office and ministry: David wrote these
words against Doeg the King's herdsman: and these words
"shepherd", "sheep", and "flock" are used with
reference to the Church office and ministry, so that the Church and the
offices are called by these names.
Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord
Jesus t went in and out among us,
(8) The Apostles do not deliberate at all, but
first they consult and take guidance from God's word: and again they do
nothing that concerns and is incumbent upon the whole body of the
congregation, without making the congregation a part of the decision.
(t) This kind of speech signifies as much in the
Hebrew language as the exercising of a public and difficult office, when they
speak of such as are in any public office; (Deuteronomy
31:2; 1 Chronicles
1:22 Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that
same day that he was taken up u from us,
must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.
(u) From our company.
1:23 9 And
they x appointed two, Joseph called
Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.
(9) The Apostles must be chosen immediately from
God: and therefore after praying, Matthias is chose by lot, which is as it
were God's own voice.
(x) Openly, and by the voices of the entire
1:25 That he may take y
part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression z
fell, that he might go to his own place.
(y) That he may be a member and partaker of this
(z) Departed from, or fallen from: and it is a
metaphor taken from the word "way": for callings are signified by
the name of "ways" with the Hebrews.