24:1 And a again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and b he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.
(a) Before they were plagued with famine, (2 Samuel
(b) The Lord permitted Satan, as in (1 Chronicles
24:2 For the king said to Joab the captain of the
host, which [was] with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan
even to Beersheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the c
number of the people.
(c) Because he did this to determine his power
and to trust in it, it offended God, for otherwise it was lawful to number the
And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there
were in Israel d eight hundred thousand
valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah [were] e
five hundred thousand men.
(d) According to Joab's count: for in all there
were eleven hundred thousand, (1 Chronicles
(e) Including the Benjamites with them, or else
they had but four hundred and seventy thousand.
24:11 For when David was
up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David's f
(f) Whom God had appointed for David and his
24:13 So Gad came
to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall g
seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land? or wilt thou flee three months
before thine enemies, while they pursue thee? or that there be three days'
pestilence in thy land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return to him
that sent me.
(g) Three years of famine were past for the
Gibeonites and this was the fourth year to which should have been added
another three more years, (1 Chronicles
24:15 So the LORD sent
a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed: and there
died of the people from h Dan even to
Beersheba seventy thousand men.
(h) From the one side of the country to the
24:16 And when the angel stretched out his
hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said
to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: i
stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of
Araunah the Jebusite.
(i) The Lord spared this place, because he had
chosen it to build his temple there.
24:17 And David spake unto the LORD when he
saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have
done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they k
done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father's
(k) David did not see the just cause why God
plagued the people, and therefore he offers himself for God's correction as
the only cause of this evil.
And l Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord
the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee,
to build an altar unto the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people.
(l) Called also Ornan (1 Chronicles
24:23 All these
[things] did Araunah, m [as] a king,
give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept
(m) That is, abundantly, for as some write, he
was king of Jerusalem before David won the tower.
24:24 And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but
I will surely buy [it] of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings
unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the
threshingfloor and the oxen for n fifty
shekels of silver.
(n) Some write that every tribe gave 50 which
makes 600, or that afterward he bought as much as came to 550 shekels.