1:1 Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab.
The Argument - This second book contains the acts of the kings of Judah and
Israel: that is, of Israel, from the death of Ahab to the last king Hoshea,
who was imprisoned by the king of Assyria, and his city Samaria taken, and the
ten tribes led into captivity by the just plague of God for their idolatry and
disobedience to God. Also of Judah, from the reign of Jehoram son of
Jehoshaphat to Zedekiah, who for contemning the Lord's commandment by his
prophets, and neglecting his many admonitions by famine and other means was
taken by his enemies, saw his sons most cruelly slain before his face, and his
own eyes put out, as the Lord had declared to him before by his prophet
Jeremiah. By the just vengeance of God for contempt of his word Jerusalem was
destroyed, the temple burnt, and he and all his people were led away captives
into Babylon. In this book are notable examples of God's favour toward those
rulers and people who obey his prophets, and embrace his word: and
contrariwise of his plagues on those who neglect his ministers, and do not
obey his commandments.
1:2 And a
Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that [was] in Samaria,
and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of b
Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.
(a) So that he was punished for his idolatry in
two ways: for the Moabites which were wont to pay him tribute rebelled and he
fell out a window which was high in his house to give light beneath.
(b) The Philistines who lived at Ekron worshipped
this idol, the god of flies, thinking that he could preserve them from the
biting of flies: or else he was so called, because flies were drawn in great
abundance by the blood of the sacrifices that were offered to that idol.
1:3 But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the
Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say
unto them, c [Is it] not because [there
is] not a God in Israel, [that] ye go to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron?
(c) He shows that idolaters do not have the true
God, or else they would seek none but him alone.
And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go,
turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, d
[Is it] not because [there is] not a God in Israel, [that] thou sendest to
enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? therefore thou shalt not come down from
that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
(d) Ignorance is the mother of error and
1:8 And they answered
him, [He was] an e hairy man, and girt
with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It [is] Elijah the
(e) Some think that this meant his garments,
which were rough and made of hair.
1:9 Then the king sent unto him a captain of
fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he sat on the top f
of an hill. And he spake unto him, Thou man of God, the king hath said, Come
(f) That is, Carmel.
1:10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain
of fifty, If I [be] a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and
consume thee and thy fifty. g And there
came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.
(g) He declares the power God's word has in the
mouth of his servants, when they threaten God's judgments against the
1:11 Again also he sent unto him another
captain of fifty with his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, h
O man of God, thus hath the king said, Come down quickly.
(h) He spoke this in mockery, and therefore
provoked God's wrath so much more.
1:12 And Elijah answered and said unto them, i
If I [be] a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy
fifty. And the fire of God came down from heaven, and consumed him and his
(i) Meaning, that God would show by effect
whether he was a true prophet or not.
1:13 And he sent again a captain of the third
fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell
on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I
pray thee, let my k life, and the life
of these fifty thy servants, be l
precious in thy sight.
(k) Which humble myself before God and his
(l) That is, spare my life, and do not let me die
as the other two.
1:15 And the angel of
the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be m
not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king.
(m) Thus the Lord gives boldness to his, that
they fear not the threatenings of tyrants, who otherwise of themselves are
afraid to do God's message.
1:17 So he died
according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And n
Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of
Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.
(n) Jehoshaphat going to battle against the
Syrians, made his son Jehoram king in the 17th year of his reign: and in the
18th year which was the second year of his son, Jehoram the son of Ahab
reigned in Israel: and in the fifth year of this Jehoram Jehoshaphat died, and
the kingdom of Judah was confirmed to his son.