22:1 And they continued a three years without war between Syria and Israel.
(a) Ben-hadad the king of Syria, and Ahab made a
peace which endured three years.
22:2 And it came to pass in the third year, that
Jehoshaphat the king of Judah b came
down to the king of Israel.
(b) To see and visit him.
22:3 And the king of Israel said unto his
servants, Know ye that c Ramoth in
Gilead [is] ours, and we [be] still, [and] take it not out of the hand of the
king of Syria?
(c) The kings of Syria kept Ramoth before this
league was made by Benhadad: therefore he did not think he was bound by it to
22:4 And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go
with me to battle to Ramothgilead? And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, d
I [am] as thou [art], my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.
(d) I am ready to join and go with you , and all
of mine is at your command.
22:5 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of
Israel, e Enquire, I pray thee, at the
word of the LORD to day.
(e) He seemed that he would not go to war unless
God approved it, yet when Michaiah advised the opposite he would not obey.
22:6 Then the king of Israel gathered the f
prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall I go
against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for
the Lord shall deliver [it] into the hand of the king.
(f) Meaning the false prophets, who were liars
and served for money whom Jezebel had assembled and kept after the death of
those whom Elijah slew.
22:7 And Jehoshaphat said, [Is there] not here
a prophet of the g LORD besides, that we
might enquire of him?
(g) Jehoshaphat did not acknowledge the false
prophets to be God's ministers, but contemned them.
22:8 And the king of Israel said unto
Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may
enquire of the LORD: but h I hate him;
for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let
not the king say so.
(h) By which we see that the wicked cannot abide
to hear the truth, but hate the prophets of God and molest them.
22:9 Then the king of Israel called an i
officer, and said, Hasten [hither] Micaiah the son of Imlah.
(i) Read (Genesis
22:10 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the
king of Judah sat each on his throne, having put on their k
robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the
prophets prophesied before them.
(k) In their kingly apparel.
22:11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made
him i horns of iron: and he said, Thus
saith the LORD, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed
(i) The true prophets of God were accustomed to
use signs for the confirmation of their doctrine, (Isaiah
7:2) in which the false prophets imitated them, thinking by it to make their
doctrine more believable.
22:13 And the messenger
that was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of
the prophets [declare] good unto the king with m
one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak
[that which is] good.
(m) This is the common argument of the wicked,
who think that no one should speak against anything if the majority approves
of it, be they ever so ungodly.
22:15 So he came to
the king. And the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go against Ramothgilead
to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, n
Go, and prosper: for the LORD shall deliver [it] into the hand of the king.
(n) He speaks this in derision, because the king
attributed so much to the false prophets, meaning that by experience he should
discern that they were liars.
22:17 And he said,
I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd:
and the LORD said, o These have no
master: let them return every man to his house in peace.
(o) It is better for them to return home than to
be punished and scattered because they go to war without God's counsel and
22:19 And he said,
Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne,
and all the p host of heaven standing by
him on his right hand and on his left.
(p) Meaning, his angels.
22:21 And there
came forth a spirit, and q stood before
the LORD, and said, I will persuade him.
(q) Here we see that though the devil is always
ready to bring us to destruction, yet he has no more power than God gives him.
22:22 And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith?
And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a r
lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade
[him], and prevail also: go forth, and do so.
(r) I will cause all his prophets to tell lies.
22:24 But Zedekiah
the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, s
Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
(s) Thus the wicked would that none were in the
favour of God but they, and that God has given his graces to none so much as
And say, Thus saith the king, Put this [fellow] in the prison, and feed him with
t bread of affliction and with water of
affliction, until I come in peace.
(t) Let him waste away with hunger and be fed
with a small portion of bread and water.
22:28 And Micaiah said, If thou return at all
in peace, the LORD hath not spoken by me. And he said, v
Hearken, O people, every one of you.
(v) That when you see these things come to pass
you may give God the glory, and know that I am his true prophet.
And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that
they said, Surely it [is] the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight
against him: and Jehoshaphat x cried
(x) That is, to the Lord for help.
And the battle increased that day: and the y
king was stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died at even: and the
blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot.
(y) That is, Ahab, king of Israel.
22:36 And there went a proclamation throughout
the z host about the going down of the
sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country.
(z) Of the Israelites.
And he walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it,
doing [that which was] right in the eyes of the LORD: nevertheless a
the high places were not taken away; [for] the people offered and burnt incense
yet in the high places.
(a) Meaning, that he was led with an error,
thinking that they might still sacrifice to the Lord in those places, as they
did before the temple was built.
[There was] then no king in Edom: a b
deputy [was] king.
(b) In the time of this king, Idumea was subject
to Judah, and was governed by whom they of Judah appointed.
22:48 Jehoshaphat made ships of c
Tharshish to go to d Ophir for gold: but
they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.
(c) By Tharshish the scripture means Cilicia and
all the Mediterranean Sea.
(d) Josephus writes that Ophir is in India, where
the Egyptians and Arabians traffic for gold.