5:1 It is 1
reported commonly [that there is] fornication among you, and such fornication as
is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's
(1) They are greatly to be reprehended who by
allowing wickedness, set forth the Church of God to be mocked and scorned by
5:22 And ye
are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed
might be taken away from among you.
(2) There are none more proud than they that
least know themselves.
For I verily, as absent in body, but present in a
spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, [concerning] him that
hath so done this deed,
(3) Excommunication ought not to be committed to
one man's power, but must be done by the authority of the whole
congregation, after the matter is diligently examined.
(a) In mind, thought, and will.
5:4 In the b
name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, 4
with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,
(b) Calling upon Christ's name. (4)
There is no doubt that the judgment is ratified in heaven, in which Christ
himself sits as Judge.
c deliver such an one unto Satan for the
6 destruction of the flesh, that the
spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
(5) The one who is excommunicated is delivered to
the power of Satan, in that he is cast out of the house of God.
(c) What it is to be delivered to Satan the Lord
himself declares when he says, "Let him be unto thee as a heathen and
18:17). That is to say, to be disfranchised and put out of the right and
privileges of the city of Christ, which is the Church, outside of which Satan is
lord and master. (6) The goal of excommunication is
not to cast away the excommunicate that he should utterly perish, but that he
may be saved, that is, that by this means his flesh may be tamed, that he may
learn to live to the Spirit.
glorying d [is] not good. Know ye not
that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
(7) Another goal of excommunication is that
others are not infected, and therefore it must of necessity be retained in the
Church, so that one is not infected by the other.
(d) Is nothing and not grounded upon good reason,
as though you were excellent, and yet there is such wickedness found among
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new e
lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our f
passover is sacrificed for us:
(8) By alluding to the ceremony of the passover,
he exhorts them to cast out that unclean person from among them. In times
past, he says, it was not lawful for those who celebrated the passover to eat
unleavened bread, insomuch that he was held as unclean and unworthy to eat the
passover, whoever had but tasted of leaven. Now our whole life must be as it
were the feast of unleavened bread, in which all they that are partakers of
that immaculate lamb which is slain, must cast out both of themselves, and
also out of their houses and congregations, all impurity.
(e) By lump he means the whole body of the
Church, every member of which must be unleavened bread, that is, be renewed in
spirit, by plucking away the old corruption.
(f) The Lamb of our passover.
5:8 Therefore let us keep the g
feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness;
but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
(g) Let us lead our whole life as it were a
continual feast, honestly and uprightly.
wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:
(9) Now he speaks more generally: and that which
he spoke before of the incestuous person he shows that it pertains to others,
who are known to be wicked and those who through their wicked life are a
slander to the Church, who ought also by lawful order be cast out of the
community of the Church. And making mention of eating meals, either he means
that feast of love at which the supper of the Lord was received, or else their
common usage and manner of life. And this is to be properly understood, lest
any man should think that either matrimony was broken by excommunication, or
such duties hindered and cut off by it, as we owe one to another: children to
their parents, subjects to their rulers, servants to their masters, and
neighbour to neighbour, to win one another to God.
5:10 Yet not h
altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or
extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must ye needs go out of the world.
(h) If you should utterly abstain from such
men's company, you should go out of the world. Therefore I speak of those
who are in the very bosom of the Church, who must be brought back into order
by discipline, and not of those who are outside of the Church, with whom we
must labour by all means possible, to bring them to Christ.
For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do not ye judge them
that are within?
(10) Those who are false brethren ought to be
cast out of the congregation. As for those who are outside of it, they must be
left to the judgment of God.