15:1 Then there come to Jesus from Jerusalem Pharisees and scribes1, saying, JESUS FAILS TO ATTEND THE THIRD PASSOVER: SCRIBES REPROACH HIM FOR DISREGARDING TRADITION. (Galilee, probably Capernaum, Spring A.D. 29.) Matthew 15:1-20; Mark 7:1-23; John 7:1
Then there come to Jesus from Jerusalem Pharisees and scribes. See Mark
15:2 Why do thy
disciples transgress the tradition of the elders1? for
they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? See Mark
15:3 And he answered and said unto them, Why
do ye also transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition1?
Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God because of your
tradition? See Mark
15:4 For God said, Honor thy father and thy
mother: and, He that speaketh evil of father or mother, let him die the death.
Honour thy father and thy mother, etc. See Mark
15:5 But ye say, whosoever
shall say to his father or his mother1, That wherewith
thou mightest have been profited by me is given [to God];
Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, etc. See Mark
15:6 he shall not honor his father. And
ye have made void the word of God because of your tradition1.
And ye have made void the word of God because of your tradition.
15:7 Ye hypocrites, well
did Isaiah prophesy of you1, saying,
Well did Isaiah prophesy of you. See Mark
15:10 And he
called to him the multitude1, and said unto them, Hear,
And he called to him the multitude. See Mark
15:12 Then came the disciples, and said
unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were
offended, when they heard this saying1?
Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, when they heard this
saying? The entire speech offended them. He charged them with hypocrisy.
He showed that their tradition, which they reverenced as a revelation from
God, led them into sin, and he disturbed their self-complacency by showing
that the ceremonial cleanness, which was founded on tradition, and in which
they prided themselves, was worthless in comparison with the moral cleanness
required by God's law, which they had ignored. It grieved the disciples to
see Jesus offend these reverend gentlemen from Jerusalem. Like many modern
disciples their respect for men counteracted their zeal for truth.
15:13 But he answered and said, Every
plant which my heavenly Father planted not, shall be rooted up.
Every plant which my heavenly Father hath planted not, shall be up
rooted. God had planted the law with its doctrine: he had planted the
Hebrew religion as given by Moses. He had not planted the tradition of the
elders; so it, and the religion founded upon it, was doomed to be rooted up.
15:14 Let them alone: they are blind
guides. And if the blind guide the blind, both shall
fall into a pit1.
And if the blind guide the blind, both shall fall into a pit. This
proverbial expression is found in the Sermon on the Mount. See Luke
6:39. There it taught that the disciple could expect to attain no higher
felicity than his teacher. Here it teaches the lesson of patience, and is
akin to the words of David, which begin, "Fret not thyself because of
evil doers" (Psalms
37:1,2). The words of Jesus are full of encouragement to those who
adhere to the simple teachings of God; for they show that God guarantees
that every error shall be uprooted, and that every teacher of error or false
religion shall participate in the judgment which uproots, and shall fall
into the pit of ruin; and his disciples, no matter how numerous, shall share
his fate. In this particular instance, the destruction of Jerusalem was the
pit. The Jewish leaders led their disciples into it, and God uprooted their
system of tradition, that the pure gospel might be sowed in the room which
15:21 And Jesus
went out thence, and withdrew into the parts of Tyre and Sidon1.
SECOND WITHDRAWAL FROM HEROD'S TERRITORY. Matthew
And Jesus went out thence, and withdrew into the parts of Tyre and
Sidon. See Mark
15:22 And behold,
a Canaanitish woman1 came out
from those borders2, and cried, saying, Have
mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David3; my daughter is
grievously vexed with a demon.
HEALING A PHOENICIAN WOMAN'S DAUGHTER. (Region of Tyre and Sidon.) Matthew
And behold, a Canaanitish woman. See Mark
Came out from those borders. This does not mean, as some construe
it, that she crossed over into Galilee from Phoenicia; it means that she
came out of the very region "where Jesus then was".
Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David. Sympathy so identified
her with her daughter that she asked mercy for herself. The title "son
of David" shows that the Jewish hopes had spread to surrounding nations
and that some, like this woman and the one at Jacob's well, expected to
share in the Messianic blessing.
15:23 But he
answered her not a word1. And his disciples came and
besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth
But he answered her not a word. God's unanswering silence is a
severe test of our faith.
Send her away; for she crieth after us. The woman by her loud
entreaties was drawing to Jesus the very attention which he sought to avoid.
The disciples therefore counseled him to grant her request for his own
sake--not for mercy or compassion, but merely to be rid of her.
15:24 But he
answered1 and said, I was not
sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel2.
But he answered. Answered his disciples, not the woman.
I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Jesus had not forborne answering her prayers through lack of feeling, but
from principle. It was part of the divine plan that his "personal"
ministry should be confined to the Jewish people. Divine wisdom approved of
this course as best, not only for the Jews, but for the Gentiles as well.
Variations from this plan were to be few and were to be granted only as
rewards to those of exceptional faith. Also see Matthew
15:25 But she came and worshipped him,
saying, Lord, help me.
Then came she and worshipped him. See Mark
15:26 And he answered and said, It
is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to the dogs1.
It is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to the dogs.
15:27 But she said, Yea, Lord: for
even the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table1.
For even the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters'
table. See Mark
15:28 Then Jesus answered and said unto
her, O woman, great is thy faith1:
be it done unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was healed from that
O woman, great is thy faith. See Mark
Her daughter was made well from that hour. See Mark
15:29 And Jesus
departed thence1, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee;
and he went up into the mountain, and sat there.
ANOTHER AVOIDING OF HEROD'S TERRITORY. Matthew
And Jesus departed thence, etc. See Mark
15:30 And there
came unto him great multitudes1, having with them the
lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and they cast them down at this
feet; and he healed them:
THE DEAF STAMMERER HEALED AND FOUR THOUSAND FED. Mark
And there came unto him great multitudes. etc. We have here an
instance of the common difference between the narratives of Matthew and
Mark. Where Matthew is wont to mention the healing of multitudes, Mark picks
out one of the most remarkable cases and describes it minutely. The hasty
action of those who brought in the sick and returned to bring in others is
indicated by the way in which they cast down their burdens at Jesus' feet.
15:31 insomuch that the multitude
wondered, when they saw the dumb speaking, the maimed whole, and lame walking,
and the blind seeing: and they glorified the God of
They glorified the God of Israel. The people whom Jesus healed were
Jews, but daily intercourse with the heathen of Decapolis had tended to cool
their religious ardor. The works of Jesus revived this ardor and caused them
to praise the God whose prophet they esteemed Jesus to be.
15:32 And Jesus
called unto him his disciples1, and said, I have
compassion on the multitude, because they continue with
me now three days and have nothing to eat2: and I would
not send them away fasting, lest haply they faint on the way.
And Jesus called unto him his disciples. See Mark
They continue with me now three days and have nothing to eat. See Mark
15:33 And the disciples say unto him,
Whence should we have so many loaves in a desert place as to fill so great a
Whence shall one be able to fill these men with bread here in a desert
place? See Mark
15:35 And he commanded the multitude to
sit down on the ground;
And he commanded the multitude to sit on the ground. See Mark
15:39 And he sent away the multitudes, and
entered into the boat, and came into the borders of Magadan.
THIRD WITHDRAWAL FROM HEROD'S TERRITORY. A. PHARISAIC LEAVEN. A BLIND MAN
And came into the borders of Magdala. See Mark