2:1 Then a we turned, and took our journey into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea, as the LORD spake unto me: and we compassed mount Seir b many days.
(a) They obeyed, after God had chastised them.
(b) Eight and thirty years, as in (Deuteronomy
command thou the people, saying, Ye [are] to pass through the c
coast of your brethren the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir; and they shall
be afraid of you: take ye good heed unto yourselves therefore:
(c) This was the second time, before they had
caused the Israelites to return, (Numbers
2:7 For the
LORD thy God hath d blessed thee in all
the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness:
these forty years the LORD thy God [hath been] with thee; thou hast lacked
(d) And given you means, with which you may make
recompence: also God will direct you by his providence, as he has done.
2:9 And the LORD said unto me,
Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle: for I will not
give thee of their land [for] a possession; because I have given Ar unto the
children e of Lot [for] a possession.
(e) Which were the Moabites and Ammonites.
2:10 The f
Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the
(f) Signifying that as these giants were driven
out for their sins: so the wicked when their sins are ripe, cannot avoid
And the g space in which we came from
Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, [was] thirty and eight
years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the
host, as the LORD sware unto them.
(g) He shows by this, that as God is true in his
promise, so his threatenings are not in vain.
2:15 For indeed the h
hand of the LORD was against them, to destroy them from among the host, until
they were consumed.
(h) His plague and punishment to destroy all that
were twenty years old and above.
(That also was accounted a land i of
giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;
(i) Who called themselves Rephaims: that is,
preservers, or physicians to heal and reform vices: but were indeed Zamzummims,
that is, wicked and abominable.
Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass over the river Arnon: behold, I have
given into thine hand Sihon the k
Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land: begin to possess [it], and contend with
him in battle.
(k) According to his promise made to Abraham, (Genesis
2:25 This day will I l
begin to put the dread of thee and the fear of thee upon the nations [that are]
under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee, and shall tremble, and be
in anguish because of thee.
(l) This declares that the hearts of men are in
God's hands either to be made faint, or bold.
(As the m children of Esau which dwell
in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass
over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us.
(m) Because neither intreaty nor examples or
others could move him, he could not complain of his just destruction.
2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass
by him: for the LORD thy God n hardened
his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy
hand, as [appeareth] this day.
(n) God in his election and reprobation not only
appoints the ends, but the means tending to the same.
And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the o
women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain:
(o) God had cursed Canaan, and therefore he did
not want any of the wicked race to be preserved.