15:1 We 1 then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to a please ourselves.
(1) Now the apostle reasons generally of
tolerating or bearing with the weak by all means, in so far that it may be for
(a) And despise others.
15:2 Let every one of us please [his] neighbour for
[his] b good to edification.
(b) For his profit and edification.
15:3 2 For
even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them
that reproached thee fell on me.
(2) A confirmation taken from the example of
Christ, who suffered all things, to bring not only the weak, but also his most
cruel enemies, overcoming them with patience, to his Father.
15:4 3 For
whatsoever things were written c
aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of
the d scriptures might have hope.
(3) The preventing of an objection: such things
as are cited out of the examples of the ancients, are propounded unto us to
this end and purpose, that according to the example of our fathers we should
in patience and hope bear one with another.
(c) By Moses and the prophets.
(d) The scriptures are said to teach and comfort,
because God uses them to teach and comfort his people with them.
15:5 4 Now
the God of patience and consolation grant you to be likeminded one toward
another according to Christ Jesus:
(4) We must take an example of patience from God:
that both the weak and the strong, serving God with a mutual consent, may
bring one another to God, as Christ also received us to himself, although we
were ever so unworthy.
15:7 Wherefore receive ye one
another, as Christ also e received us to
the glory of God.
(e) He did not shun us, but received us of his
own accord, to make us partakers of God's glory.
15:8 5 Now I
say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the f
circumcision for the g truth of God, to
confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers:
(5) An applying of the example of Christ to the
Jews, whom he granted this honour for the promises which he made to their
fathers, although they were ever so unworthy, in that he executed the office
of a minister among them with marvellous patience: therefore much less ought
the Gentiles despise them for certain faults, whom the Son of God esteemed so
(f) Of the circumcised Jews, for as long as he
lived, he never went out of their midst.
(g) That God might be seen to be true.
15:9 6 And
that the Gentiles might glorify God for [his] mercy; as it is written, For this
cause I will h confess to thee among the
Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.
(6) An applying of the same to the Gentiles, whom
also the Lord by his incomprehensible goodness had regard for, so that they
are not to be condemned by the Jews as strangers.
(h) I will openly confess and set forth your
7 Now the God of i
hope fill you with k all joy and peace
in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
(7) He seals up as it were all the former
treatise with prayers, wishing all that to be given them by the Lord, that he
had commanded them.
(i) In whom we hope.
(k) Abundantly and plentifully.
15:14 8 And
I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that l
ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish
(8) The conclusion of the epistle, in which he
first excuses himself, that he has written somewhat at length to them, rather
to warn them than to teach them, and that of necessity, by reason of his
calling, which binds him in a special way to the Gentiles.
(l) Of your own accord, and by yourselves.
15:16 That I should be the
minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that
the m offering up of the Gentiles might
be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
(m) By the offering up of the Gentiles, he means
the Gentiles themselves, whom he offered to God as a sacrifice.
15:17 9 I
have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which
pertain to God.
(9) He commends his apostleship highly by the
effects, but yet in such a way that even though he speaks all things truly, he
gives all the glory to God as the only author: and he does not do this for his
own sake, but this rather, that men might doubt less of the truth of the
doctrine which he propounds to them.
15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those
things which n Christ hath not wrought
by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed,
(n) Christ was so with me in all things, and by
all means, that even if I had wanted to, yet I cannot say what he has done by
me to bring the Gentiles to obey the gospel.
15:19 Through o
mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from
Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of
(o) In the first place this word
"mighty" signifies the force and working of the wonders in piercing
men's minds: and in the latter, it signifies God's mighty power which was
the worker of those wonders.
For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming to you.
(10) He writes in general to the Romans, and that
familiarly, his singular good will towards them, and the state of his affairs,
but in such a way that he does not swerve in the least way from the end of
apostolic doctrine: for he declares nothing but that which appertains to his
office, and is godly: and commending by a little digression as it were, the
liberality of the churches of Macedonia, he modestly incites them to follow
their godly deed.
But now I go unto Jerusalem to p
minister unto the saints.
(p) Doing his duty for the saints, to carry to
them that money which was gathered for their use.
It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles
have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to q
minister unto them in carnal things.
(11) Alms are voluntary, but yet we at the same
time owe these by the law of charity.
(q) To serve their turns.
15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and
have r sealed to them this s
fruit, I will come by you into Spain.
(r) Performed it faithfully, and sealed it as it
were with my ring.
(s) This money which was gathered for the use of
the poor: and these alms are very fitly called fruit.
And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the
blessing of the gospel of Christ.
(12) He promises them through the blessing of
God, not to come empty to them: and requiring of them the duty of prayers, he
shows what thing we ought mainly to rest upon in all difficulties and
15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord
Jesus Christ's sake, and for the t
love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in [your] prayers to God for
(t) For the mutual union, with which the Holy
Spirit has united our hearts and minds together.