4:1 But it displeased a Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry.
(a) Because by this he would be taken as a false
prophet, and so the name of God, which he preached, would be blasphemed.
4:2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray
thee, O LORD, [was] not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Therefore
I fled before unto b Tarshish: for I
knew that thou [art] a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great
kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.
(b) Read (Jonah
4:3 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my
life c from me; for [it is] better for
me to die than to live.
(c) Thus he prayed from grief, fearing that
God's name by this forgiveness might be blasphemed, as though he sent his
Prophets forth to make known his judgments in vain.
4:4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be d
(d) Will you judge when I do things for my glory,
and when I do not?
4:5 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the
east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the
shadow, e till he might see what would
become of the city.
(e) For he doubted as yet whether God would show
them mercy or not, and therefore after forty days he departed out of the city,
to see what God would do.
4:6 And the LORD God prepared a f
gourd, and made [it] to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his
head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.
(f) Which was a further means to cover him from
the heat of the sun, as he remained in his booth.
God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do
well to be g angry, [even] unto death.
(g) This declares the great inconveniences into
which God's servants fall when they give place to their own affections, and
do not in all things willingly submit themselves to God.
4:11 And should h
not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand
persons that i cannot discern between
their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?
(h) Thus God mercifully reproves him who would
pity himself and this gourd, and yet would keep God from showing his
compassion to so many thousand people.
(i) Meaning that they were children and infants.