8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, [even unto] me Daniel, a after that which appeared unto me at the first.
(a) After the general vision, he comes to certain
particular visions with regard to the destruction of the monarchy of the
Persians, and Macedonians: for the ruin of the Babylonians was at hand, and
also he had sufficiently spoken of it.
8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when
I saw, that I [was] at Shushan [in] the palace, which [is] in the province b
of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
(b) That is, of Persia.
8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold,
there stood before the river a c ram
which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] d
higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
(c) Which represented the kingdom of the Persians
and Medes, which were united together.
(d) Meaning Cyrus, who after grew greater in
power than Darius his uncle and father-in-law.
8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward,
and southward; so that no e beasts might
stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand;
but he did according to his will, and became great.
(e) That is, no kings or nations.
8:5 And as I was considering, behold, f
an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not
the ground: and the goat [had] a notable g
horn between his eyes.
(f) Meaning Alexander that came from Greece with
great speed and warlike undertaking.
(g) Even though he came in the name of all
Greece, yet he bore the title and dignity of the general captain, so that the
strength was attributed to him, which is meant by this horn.
8:7 And I saw him come close unto
the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and h
smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to
stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and
there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
(h) Alexander overcame Darius in two different
battles, and so had the two kingdoms of the Medes and Persians.
8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when
he was strong, the great i horn was
broken; and for it came up four k
notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
(i) Alexander's great power was broken: for
when he had overcome all the East, he thought to return towards Greece to
subdue those that had rebelled, and so died along the way.
(k) That is, who were famous: for almost in the
space of fifteen years there were fifteen different successors before this
monarchy was divided to these four, of which Cassander had Macedonia, Seleucus
had Syria, Antigonus had Asia the less, and Ptolemeus had Egypt.
8:9 And out of one of them came forth a l
little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the m
south, and toward the n east, and toward
the o pleasant [land].
(l) Which was Antiochus Epiphanes, who was of a
servile and flattering nature, and also there were others between him and the
kingdom: and therefore he is here called the little horn, because neither
princely conditions, nor any other thing was in him, why he should obtain this
(m) That is, towards Egypt.
(n) By which he means Ptolemais.
(o) That is, Judea.
8:10 And it waxed great, [even] to the p
host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the
ground, and stamped upon them.
(p) Antiochus raged against the elect of God, and
tread his precious stars underfoot, who are so called because they are
separated from the world.
8:11 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the q
prince of the host, and by him the r
daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
(q) That is, God, who governs and maintains his
(r) He laboured to abolish all religion, and
therefore cast God's service out of his temple, which God had chosen as a
little corner from all the rest of the world to have his name there truly
8:12 And s
an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of
transgression, and it t cast down the
truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
(s) He shows that their sins are the cause of
these horrible afflictions: and yet comforts them, in that he appoints this
tyrant for a time, whom he would not allow to utterly abolish his religion.
(t) This horn will abolish for a time the true
doctrine, and so corrupt God's service.
8:13 Then I heard one u
saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake,
How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the
transgression of x desolation, to give
both the sanctuary and the y host to be
trodden under foot?
(u) Meaning that he heard one of the angels
asking this question of Christ, whom he called a certain one, or a secret one,
or a marvellous one.
(x) That is, the Jews' sins, which were the
cause of its destruction.
(y) That is, which suppresses God's religion
and his people.
8:14 And z
he said unto me, Unto a two thousand and
three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
(z) Christ answered me for the comfort of the
(a) That is, until so many natural days have
passed, which make six years, and three and a half months: for the temple was
profaned this long under Antiochus.
8:15 And it came to pass, when I, [even] I Daniel,
had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood
before me b as the appearance of a man.
(b) Who was Christ who in this manner declared
himself to the old fathers, how he would be God manifest in flesh.
8:16 And I heard a man's voice between [the banks
of] Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, c
make this [man] to understand the vision.
(c) This power to command the angel, declared
that he was God.
8:17 So he came near where I stood: and when he
came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O
son of man: for d at the time of the end
[shall be] the vision.
(d) The effect of this vision will not yet
appear, until a long time after.
8:19 And he said, Behold, I
will make thee know what shall be in the last e
end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end [shall be].
(e) Meaning that great rage which Antiochus would
show against the Church.
that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up f
out of the nation, but not g in his
(f) That is, out of Greece.
(g) They will not have similar power as Alexander
8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when
the transgressors are come to the full, a king of h
fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
(h) Noting that this Antiochus was impudent and
cruel, and also crafty so that he could not be deceived.
8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not i
by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and
practise, and shall destroy the k mighty
and the holy people.
(i) That is, not like Alexander's strength.
(k) Both the Gentiles that dwelt around him, and
also the Jews.
8:25 And through his l
policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify
[himself] in his heart, and by m peace
shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the n
Prince of princes; but he shall be broken o
(l) Whatever he goes about by his craft, he will
bring it to pass.
(m) That is, under pretence of peace, or as it
were in sport.
(n) Meaning, against God.
(o) For God would destroy him with a notable
plague, and so comfort his Church.
8:26 And the vision of the p
evening and the morning which was told [is] true: wherefore shut thou up the
vision; for it [shall be] for many days.
(p) Read (Daniel
8:27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick q
[certain] days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was
astonished at the vision, but none understood [it].
(q) Because of fear and astonishment.