31:1 Woe to them that a go down to Egypt for help; and rely on horses, and trust in chariots, because [they are] many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not to the Holy One of Israel, neither b seek the LORD!
(a) There were two special reasons why the
Israelites should not join with the Egyptians: first, because the Lord had
commanded them never to return there, (Deuteronomy
17:16,28:68) lest they should forget the benefit of their redemption: and
secondly, lest they should be corrupted with the superstition and idolatry of
the Egyptians, and so forsake God, (Jeremiah
(b) Meaning, that they forsake the Lord, if they
put their trust in worldly things: for they cannot trust in both.
31:2 Yet he also [is] c
wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but will arise
against the house of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work
(c) And knows their crafty enterprises, and will
bring all to nought.
31:3 Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and
their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand,
both he that d helpeth shall fall, and
he that is helped shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
(d) Meaning, both the Egyptians and the
31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken to me, As the
lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is
called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase
himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come e
down to fight for mount Zion, and for its hill.
(e) He shows the Jews that if they would put
their trust in him, he is so able, that no one can resist his power and so
care over them, as a bird over her young, which ever flies about them for
their defence: which similitude the scripture uses in various places, as in (Deuteronomy
31:6 Turn ye to [him from]
whom the children of Israel have f
(f) He touches their conscience that they might
earnestly feel their grievous sins, and so truly repent, for as much as now
they are almost drowned and past recovery.
31:7 For in that day every man shall g
cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have
made to you [for] a sin.
(g) By these fruits your repentance will be
known, as in (Isaiah
31:8 h Then
shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of man; and the sword, not of men,
shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be
(h) When your repentance appears.
31:9 And he shall pass over to his i
strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the
LORD, whose k fire [is] in Zion, and his
furnace in Jerusalem.
(i) This was accomplished soon after when
Sennacherib's army was discomfited, and he fled to his castle in Nineveh for
(k) To destroy his enemies.