23:1 Now these [be] the a last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
(a) Which he spoke after he had written the
23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his
word [was] in my b tongue.
(b) Meaning, he spoke nothing but by the motion
of God's Spirit.
23:4 And [he shall
be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without
clouds; [as] the tender c grass
[springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
(c) Which grows quickly, and fades soon.
23:5 Although my house [be] not so with God;
yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and
sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it]
not to d grow.
(d) But that my kingdom may continue for ever
according to his promise.
These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat
in the e seat, chief among the captains;
the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred,
whom he slew at one time.
(e) As one of the king's counsel.
23:9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of
Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the
Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel
were f gone away:
(f) Meaning, fled from the battle.
23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until
his hand was weary, and his g hand clave
unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people
returned after him only to spoil.
(g) By a cramp which came from weariness and
23:12 But he stood
in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the
LORD wrought a h great victory.
(h) Which has no respect for many or few, when he
will show his power.
And David i longed, and said, Oh that
one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the
(i) Being overcome with weariness and thirst.
23:16 And the three mighty men brake through
the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that
[was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless he
would not drink thereof, but k poured it
out unto the LORD.
(k) Bridling his affection, and also desiring God
not to be offended for that rash enterprise.
And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a l
spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear
out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
(l) Which was as big as a weavers beam, (1 Chronicles
23:23 He was more
honourable than the m thirty, but he
attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard.
(m) He was more valiant than the thirty that
follow and not so valiant as the six before.
Abiezer the Anethothite, n Mebunnai the
(n) Some of these had two names, (1 Chronicles
11:29) and also many more are mentioned there.
Uriah the Hittite: o thirty and seven in
(o) These came to David, and helped restore him
to his kingdom.