2 Samuel 22-24 Revised Standard Version

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David's Song of Deliverance

22 And David spoke to the Lord the words of this song on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.

2  He said, "The Lord is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer, 3  my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; thou savest me from violence. 4  I call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies. 5  "For the waves of death encompassed me, the torrents of perdition assailed me; 6  the cords of Sheol entangled me, the snares of death confronted me. 7  "In my distress I called upon the Lord; to my God I called. From his temple he heard my voice, and my cry came to his ears. 8  "Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations of the heavens trembled and quaked, because he was angry. 9  Smoke went up from his nostrils, and devouring fire from his mouth; glowing coals flamed forth from him. 10  He bowed the heavens, and came down; thick darkness was under his feet. 11  He rode on a cherub, and flew; he was seen upon the wings of the wind. 12  He made darkness around him his canopy, thick clouds, a gathering of water. 13  Out of the brightness before him coals of fire flamed forth. 14  The Lord thundered from heaven, and the Most High uttered his voice. 15  And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and routed them. 16  Then the channels of the sea were seen, the foundations of the world were laid bare, at the rebuke of the Lord, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils. 17  "He reached from on high, he took me, he drew me out of many waters. 18  He delivered me from my strong enemy, from those who hated me; for they were too mighty for me. 19  They came upon me in the day of my calamity; but the Lord was my stay. 20  He brought me forth into a broad place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me. 21  "The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me. 22  For I have kept the ways of the Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God. 23  For all his ordinances were before me, and from his statutes I did not turn aside. 24  I was blameless before him, and I kept myself from guilt. 25  Therefore the Lord has recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to my cleanness in his sight. 26  "With the loyal thou dost show thyself loyal; with the blameless man thou dost show thyself blameless; 27  with the pure thou dost show thyself pure, and with the crooked thou dost show thyself perverse. 28  Thou dost deliver a humble people, but thy eyes are upon the haughty to bring them down. 29  Yea, thou art my lamp, O Lord, and my God lightens my darkness. 30  Yea, by thee I can crush a troop, and by my God I can leap over a wall. 31  This God--his way is perfect; the promise of the Lord proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him. 32  "For who is God, but the Lord? And who is a rock, except our God? 33  This God is my strong refuge, and has made my way safe. 34  He made my feet like hinds' feet, and set me secure on the heights. 35  He trains my hands for war, so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze. 36  Thou hast given me the shield of thy salvation, and thy help made me great. 37  Thou didst give a wide place for my steps under me, and my feet did not slip; 38  I pursued my enemies and destroyed them, and did not turn back until they were consumed. 39  I consumed them; I thrust them through, so that they did not rise; they fell under my feet. 40  For thou didst gird me with strength for the battle; thou didst make my assailants sink under me. 41  Thou didst make my enemies turn their backs to me, those who hated me, and I destroyed them. 42  They looked, but there was none to save; they cried to the Lord, but he did not answer them. 43  I beat them fine as the dust of the earth, I crushed them and stamped them down like the mire of the streets. 44  "Thou didst deliver me from strife with the peoples; thou didst keep me as the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me. 45  Foreigners came cringing to me; as soon as they heard of me, they obeyed me. 46  Foreigners lost heart, and came trembling out of their fastnesses. 47  "The Lord lives; and blessed be my rock, and exalted be my God, the rock of my salvation, 48  the God who gave me vengeance and brought down peoples under me, 49  who brought me out from my enemies; thou didst exalt me above my adversaries, thou didst deliver me from men of violence. 50  "For this I will extol thee, O Lord, among the nations, and sing praises to thy name. 51  Great triumphs he gives to his king, and shows steadfast love to his anointed, to David, and his descendants for ever."

The Last Words of David

23 Now these are the last words of David: The oracle of David, the son of Jesse, the oracle of the man who was raised on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the sweet psalmist of Israel: 2  "The Spirit of the Lord speaks by me, his word is upon my tongue. 3  The God of Israel has spoken, the Rock of Israel has said to me: When one rules justly over men, ruling in the fear of God, 4  he dawns on them like the morning light, like the sun shining forth upon a cloudless morning, like rain that makes grass to sprout from the earth 5  Yea, does not my house stand so with God? For he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and secure. For will he not cause to prosper all my help and my desire? 6  But godless men are all like thorns that are thrown away; for they cannot be taken with the hand; 7  but the man who touches them arms himself with iron and the shaft of a spear, and they are utterly consumed with fire."

David's Mighty Men

8  These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb-basshe'beth a Tah-che'monite; he was chief of the three; he wielded his spear against eight hundred whom he slew at one time. 9  And next to him among the three mighty men was Elea'zar the son of Dodo, son of Aho'hi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel withdrew. 10  He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand cleaved to the sword; and the Lord wrought a great victory that day; and the men returned after him only to strip the slain. 11  And next to him was Shammah, the son of Agee the Har'arite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils; and the men fled from the Philistines. 12  But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and the Lord wrought a great victory. 13  And three of the thirty chief men went down, and came about harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped in the valley of Reph'aim. 14  David was then in the stronghold; and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem 15  And David said longingly, "O that some one would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!" 16  Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took and brought it to David. But he would not drink of it; he poured it out to the Lord, 17  and said, "Far be it from me, O Lord, that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?" Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men. 18  Now Abi'shai, the brother of Jo'ab, the son of Zeru'iah, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and slew them, and won a name beside the three. 19  He was the most renowned of the thirty, and became their commander; but he did not attain to the three 20  And Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds; he smote two ariels of Moab. He also went down and slew a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. 21  And he slew an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but Benai'ah went down to him with a staff, and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear 22  These things did Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada, and won a name beside the three mighty men. 23  He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard. 24  As'ahel the brother of Jo'ab was one of the thirty; Elha'nan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25  Shammah of Harod, Eli'ka of Harod, 26  Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh of Teko'a, 27  Abi-e'zer, of An'athoth, Mebun'nai the Hu'shathite, 28  Zalmon the Aho'hite, Ma'harai of Netoph'ah, 29  Heleb the son of Ba'anah of Netoph'ah, It'tai the son of Ri'bai of Gib'e-ah of the Benjaminites, 30  Benai'ah of Pira'thon, Hid'dai of the brooks of Ga'ash, 31  Abi-al'bon the Ar'bathite, Az'maveth of Bahu'rim, 32  Eli'ahba of Sha-al'bon, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33  Shammah the Har'arite, Ahi'am the son of Sharar the Har'arite, 34  Eliph'elet the son of Ahas'bai of Ma'acah, Eli'am the son of Ahith'ophel of Gilo, 35  Hezro of Carmel, Pa'arai the Arbite, 36  Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite 37  Zelek the Ammonite, Na'harai of Be-er'oth, the armor-bearer of Jo'ab the son of Zeru'iah, 38  Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite 39  Uri'ah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.

David Numbers Israel and Judah

24 Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go, number Israel and Judah." 2  So the king said to Jo'ab and the commanders of the army, who were with him, "Go through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beer-sheba, and number the people, that I may know the number of the people." 3  But Jo'ab said to the king, "May the Lord your God add to the people a hundred times as many as they are, while the eyes of my lord the king still see it; but why does my lord the king delight in this thing?" 4  But the king's word prevailed against Jo'ab and the commanders of the army. So Jo'ab and the commanders of the army went out from the presence of the king to number the people of Israel. 5  They crossed the Jordan, and began from Aro'er, and from the city that is in the middle of the valley, toward Gad and on to Jazer. 6  Then they came to Gilead, and to Kadesh in the land of the Hittites; and they came to Dan, and from Dan they went around to Sidon, 7  and came to the fortress of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and Canaanites; and they went out to the Negeb of Judah at Beer-sheba. 8  So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days. 9  And Jo'ab gave the sum of the numbering of the people to the king: in Israel there were eight hundred thousand valiant men who drew the sword, and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand.

10  But David's heart smote him after he had numbered the people. And David said to the Lord, "I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, O Lord, I pray thee, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly." 11  And when David arose in the morning, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, 12  "Go and say to David, 'Thus says the Lord, Three things I offer you; choose one of them, that I may do it to you." 13  So Gad came to David and told him, and said to him, "Shall three years of famine come to you in your land? Or will you flee three months before your foes while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days' pestilence in your land? Now consider, and decide what answer I shall return to him who sent me." 14  Then David said to Gad, "I am in great distress; let us fall into the hand of the Lord, for his mercy is great; but let me not fall into the hand of man." 15  So the Lord sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning until the appointed time; and there died of the people from Dan to Beer-sheba seventy thousand men. 16  And when the angel stretched forth his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord repented of the evil, and said to the angel who was working destruction among the people, "It is enough; now stay your hand." And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Arau'nah the Jeb'usite. 17  Then David spoke to the Lord when he saw the angel who was smiting the people, and said, "Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these sheep, what have they done? Let thy hand, I pray thee, be against me and against my father's house."

18  And Gad came that day to David, and said to him, "Go up, rear an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Arau'nah the Jeb'usite." 19  So David went up at Gad's word, as the Lord commanded. 20  And when Arau'nah looked down, he saw the king and his servants coming on toward him; and Arau'nah went forth, and did obeisance to the king with his face to the ground. 21  And Arau'nah said, "Why has my lord the king come to his servant?" David said, "To buy the threshing floor of you, in order to build an altar to the Lord, that the plague may be averted from the people." 22  Then Arau'nah said to David, "Let my lord the king take and offer up what seems good to him; here are the oxen for the burnt offering, and the threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. 23  All this, O king, Arau'nah gives to the king." And Arau'nah said to the king, "The Lord your God accept you." 24  But the king said to Arau'nah, "No, but I will buy it of you for a price; I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God which cost me nothing." So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25  And David built there an altar to the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord heeded supplications for the land, and the plague was averted from Israel.

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