"Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need." (Hebrews 4:16)
"But He gives more grace. Therefore He says: "God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble." (James 4:6)
We find the term "grace" throughout the Bible as a gift and energy of God. But what is God's grace, and how does it relate to us?
We experience God's grace because God is gracious. In Exodus 34:6, when God shows himself to Moses, we read, "The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness." Gracious is used here as an adjective describing God. It is one of His attributes.
Gracious, the Hebrew word channun, in its verb form, means to be considerate, to show favor. That God is gracious would mean that he is favorably inclined toward us. That He wants to show favor to us. To do what is best for us.
God is gracious. Graciousness is not something that he puts on and takes off, depending on the situation. He is always gracious. He does not decide to show us grace. Rather, it is just who he is. Because He is gracious, He demonstrates grace in everything he does.
Grace Definition: God’s Action
Grace is the Hebrew word chanan or the Greek word charis, meaning “the state of kindness and favor toward someone, often with a focus on a benefit given to the object.” (Strong’s Greek 5485).
Grace is what God does because he is gracious. Every action of God toward us involves his grace. His creation, providence, conviction of the sinner, gift of salvation, equipping of the saints, and the future He has prepared for us. All of this is due to God's grace.
"He has delivered you from your slavery to the devil, sending down not one of the angels but His Only-begotten Son to redeem you, not at the price of corruptible gold and silver, but by His priceless blood and His most painful and degrading death. Having done all this, He protects you, every hour and every moment, from your enemies; He fights your battles by His divine grace." ~ From Unseen Warfare by Theophan the Recluse
"But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me." (1 Cor. 15:10)
How Do God's Grace, Love, and Mercy Relate?
It is impossible to adequately discuss God's grace without mentioning love and mercy. These three attributes are closely related. And it is common to see them used together.
“But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved” (Ephesians 2:4-5).
Because of his love, God, who is rich in mercy, saved us by his grace. Where does love end and mercy start? Or does mercy end and grace begin? I don't believe you can really draw a line between them. They are not really three different attributes. All three are simply different ways we see God as humans.
God's Grace in Justice and Holiness
There is another set of attributes for God that might seem at odds with grace. God is just, righteous, and holy. These reflect God as a judge who rewards good behavior and punishes bad. The “wrath of God” is an expression commonly used in connection with these attributes.
It almost seems like there are two faces of God. One is a merciful, loving, and gracious God who cares deeply for his creation. The other face is of a God who is demanding perfection and will punish anyone who steps out of line.
Exodus 34:6, quoted above, describes God as gracious and loving. But God’s description of himself does not end there. In Exodus 34:7, he continues with, “maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation.”
The gracious God is also a God who will punish the guilty. But his punishment of the guilty is different from his graciousness and love. He doesn’t love with one hand and punish with the other. In Ezekiel 18:23, God says that he takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked, preferring they turn from their ways and live. Even when his justice demands punishment, God desires to show mercy. And in his grace, he is patient toward us, not wanting any to perish (2 Peter 3:9).
And ultimately, even His punishment is an act of grace. In His grace, He offers salvation to all. And in His grace, He grants the desire of those who reject Him. They are separated from His presence, eternally.
God’s Grace in Salvation
While God's grace is about much more than our salvation, it is perhaps the most visible manifestation of his grace. As Paul says in Ephesians 2:5 and 8, it is by grace that we are saved.
Our salvation is not because of anything we have done or are even capable of doing. It is solely a matter of God's grace. He offered his salvation to us simply as an act of his grace.
Salvation is by grace. But God’s grace does not end there. Believers are impacted by God’s grace in these three ways.
1. Justify to Stand in Grace. In Romans 5:1-2 Paul tells us that we are justified through faith. And by that same faith, we have gained access to the "grace in which we now stand." Our position before God is a matter of his grace.
We come into his presence because of his grace. And we continue to stand in his presence because of his grace. How amazing is it to be able to know and experience God’s favor toward us every day of our lives! And on into eternity.
2. Equipped with Spiritual Giftedness. In 1 Peter 4:10, we find Peter telling his readers to be faithful stewards of God's grace in its various forms, using our gifts to serve one another. God's grace is reflected in our lives through his equipping of believers to serve within the body of Christ, our spiritual gifts.
Our gifts vary from person to person and potentially over time. But as both Peter and Paul affirm, God equips us for the good of the body. Our spiritual gifts reflect God's grace to the overall body of Christ. God is working within us to grow the body and help it to function at its best.
3. Growing Strong in the Grace of God. In 2 Timothy 2:1, Paul instructs Timothy to "be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus." This reminds me somewhat of Star Wars, where some are “strong in the force.” But grace is really unlike the force of Star Wars, which is a pervading universal power. In contrast, grace, for the believer, is in Christ.
Grace does not come just to a lucky few. But is available to all who are in Christ. When I am in Christ, God's grace surrounds me. But just because it surrounds me does not mean that I either experience or enjoy it as much as I should.
Be strong in God's grace. It requires exercise to be strong. You have to work at it. Recognize that God is for you. That he wants what is best for you. Trust him. Believe that he has your long-term best interest in mind.
Let go of your self and ego, of doing things your way, and of depending on your own resources. As you do, depending on God instead, you will grow stronger in his grace.
"True, one may know man’s final goal: communion with God. And one may describe the path to it: faith, and walking in the commandments, with the aid of divine grace. One need only say in addition: here is the path-start walking!" - Theophan the Recluse
It's All About Grace
No aspect of God's dealing with his creation does not involve His grace. A gracious God cannot fail to demonstrate grace in all He does.
That I exist is through his grace. That the sun shines and the rain falls is due to his grace. My salvation, standing with God, and eternal future with Him. It is all because of His grace.
Even God's justice and the eternal punishment of unbelievers reflect his grace. God gives every opportunity for repentance. But, in His grace, He does not force himself on anyone.
Praise God for his all-encompassing grace. His grace that reached even one like me. And His grace keeps me safe and secure in him, both now and through eternity. It's all about God's overwhelming grace.
Bible Verses about Grace
For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace. ~ Romans 6:14
But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace. ~ Romans 11:6
But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.” ~ James 4:6
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God ~ Ephesians 2:8
Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. ~ Hebrews 4:16
But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may rest upon me. ~ 2 Corinthians 12:9
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. ~ Ephesians 2:8-9
But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me was not in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them, though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me. ~ 1 Corinthians 15:10
And from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. ~ John 1:16
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