The Altar of Incense
301 "Make an Altar for burning incense. Construct it from acacia wood, 2 one and one-half feet square and three feet high with its horns of one piece with it. 3 Cover it with a veneer of pure gold, its top, sides, and horns, and make a gold molding around it 4 with two rings of gold beneath the molding. Place the rings on the two opposing sides to serve as holders for poles by which it will be carried. 5 Make the poles of acacia wood and cover them with a veneer of gold. 6 "Place the Altar in front of the curtain that hides the Chest of The Testimony, in front of the Atonement-Cover that is over The Testimony where I will meet you. 7 Aaron will burn fragrant incense on it every morning when he polishes the lamps, 8 and again in the evening as he prepares the lamps for lighting, so that there will always be incense burning before God, generation after generation. 9 But don't burn on this Altar any unholy incense or Whole-Burnt-Offering or Grain-Offering. And don't pour out Drink-Offerings on it. 10 Once a year Aaron is to purify the Altar horns. Using the blood of the Absolution-Offering of atonement, he is to make this atonement every year down through the generations. It is most holy to God." The Atonement-Tax
The Atonement Money
11 God spoke to Moses: 12 "When you take a head count of the Israelites to keep track of them, all must pay an atonement-tax to God for their life at the time of being registered so that nothing bad will happen because of the registration. 13 Everyone who gets counted is to give a half-shekel (using the standard Sanctuary shekel of a fifth of an ounce to the shekel) - a half-shekel offering to God. 14 Everyone counted, age twenty and up, is to make the offering to God. 15 The rich are not to pay more nor the poor less than the half-shekel offering to God, the atonement-tax for your lives. 16 Take the atonement-tax money from the Israelites and put it to the maintenance of the Tent of Meeting. It will be a memorial fund for the Israelites in honor of God, making atonement for your lives." The Washbasin
17 God spoke to Moses: 18 "Make a bronze Washbasin; make it with a bronze base. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the Altar. Put water in it. 19 Aaron and his sons will wash their hands and feet in it. 20 When they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the Altar to serve there or offer gift offerings to God, they are to wash so they will not die. 21 They are to wash their hands and their feet so they will not die. This is the rule forever, for Aaron and his sons down through the generations." Holy Anointing Oil
The Anointing Oil and the Incense
22 God spoke to Moses: 23 "Take the best spices: twelve and a half pounds of liquid myrrh; half that much, six and a quarter pounds, of fragrant cinnamon; six and a quarter pounds of fragrant cane; 24 twelve and a half pounds of cassia - using the standard Sanctuary weight for all of them - and a gallon of olive oil. 25 Make these into a holy anointing oil, a perfumer's skillful blend. 26 "Use it to anoint the Tent of Meeting, the Chest of The Testimony, 27 the Table and all its utensils, the Lampstand and its utensils, the Altar of Incense, 28 the Altar of Whole-Burnt-Offerings and all its utensils, and the Washbasin and its base. 29 Consecrate them so they'll be soaked in holiness, so that anyone who so much as touches them will become holy. 30 "Then anoint Aaron and his sons. Consecrate them as priests to me. 31 Tell the Israelites, 'This will be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations.' 32 Don't pour it on ordinary men. Don't copy this mixture to use for yourselves. It's holy; keep it holy. 33 Whoever mixes up anything like it, or puts it on an ordinary person, will be expelled." Holy Incense 34 God spoke to Moses: "Take fragrant spices - gum resin, onycha, galbanum - and add pure frankincense. Mix the spices in equal proportions 35 to make an aromatic incense, the art of a perfumer, salted and pure - holy. 36 Now crush some of it into powder and place some of it before The Testimony in the Tent of Meeting where I will meet with you; it will be for you the holiest of holy places. 37 When you make this incense, you are not to copy the mixture for your own use. It's holy to God; keep it that way. 38 Whoever copies it for personal use will be excommunicated."
The Call of Bezaleel and Aholiab
311 God spoke to Moses: 2 "See what I've done; I've personally chosen Bezalel son of Uri, son of Hur of the tribe of Judah. 3 I've filled him with the Spirit of God, giving him skill and know-how and expertise in every kind of craft 4 to create designs and work in gold, silver, and bronze; 5 to cut and set gemstones; to carve wood - he's an all-around craftsman. 6 "Not only that, but I've given him Oholiab, son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, to work with him. And to all who have an aptitude for crafts I've given the skills to make all the things I've commanded you: 7 the Tent of Meeting, the Chest of The Testimony and its Atonement-Cover, all the implements for the Tent, 8 the Table and its implements, the pure Lampstand and all its implements, the Altar of Incense, 9 the Altar of Whole-Burnt-Offering and all its implements, the Washbasin and its base, 10 the official vestments, the holy vestments for Aaron the priest and his sons in their priestly duties, 11 the anointing oil, and the aromatic incense for the Holy Place - they'll make everything just the way I've commanded you." Sabbath
The Sabbath as a Sign
12 God spoke to Moses: 13 "Tell the Israelites, 'Above all, keep my Sabbaths, the sign between me and you, generation after generation, to keep the knowledge alive that I am the God who makes you holy. 14 Keep the Sabbath; it's holy to you. Whoever profanes it will most certainly be put to death. Whoever works on it will be excommunicated from the people. 15 There are six days for work but the seventh day is Sabbath, pure rest, holy to God. Anyone who works on the Sabbath will most certainly be put to death. 16 The Israelites will keep the Sabbath, observe Sabbath-keeping down through the generations, as a standing covenant. 17 It's a fixed sign between me and the Israelites. Yes, because in six days God made the Heavens and the Earth and on the seventh day he stopped and took a long, deep breath.'"
The Golden Calf
18 When he finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, he gave Moses two tablets of Testimony, slabs of stone, written with the finger of God.
321 When the people realized that Moses was taking forever in coming down off the mountain, they rallied around Aaron and said, "Do something. Make gods for us who will lead us. That Moses, the man who got us out of Egypt - who knows what's happened to him?" 2 So Aaron told them, "Take off the gold rings from the ears of your wives and sons and daughters and bring them to me." 3 They all did it; they removed the gold rings from their ears and brought them to Aaron. 4 He took the gold from their hands and cast it in the form of a calf, shaping it with an engraving tool. The people responded with enthusiasm: "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up from Egypt!" 5 Aaron, taking in the situation, built an altar before the calf. Aaron then announced, "Tomorrow is a feast day to God!" 6 Early the next morning, the people got up and offered Whole-Burnt-Offerings and brought Peace-Offerings. The people sat down to eat and drink and then began to party. It turned into a wild party!
7 God spoke to Moses, "Go! Get down there! Your people whom you brought up from the land of Egypt have fallen to pieces. 8 In no time at all they've turned away from the way I commanded them: They made a molten calf and worshiped it. They've sacrificed to it and said, 'These are the gods, O Israel, that brought you up from the land of Egypt!'" 9 God said to Moses, "I look at this people - oh! what a stubborn, hard-headed people! 10 Let me alone now, give my anger free reign to burst into flames and incinerate them. But I'll make a great nation out of you." 11 Moses tried to calm his God down. He said, "Why, God, would you lose your temper with your people? Why, you brought them out of Egypt in a tremendous demonstration of power and strength. 12 Why let the Egyptians say, 'He had it in for them - he brought them out so he could kill them in the mountains, wipe them right off the face of the Earth.' Stop your anger. Think twice about bringing evil against your people! 13 Think of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants to whom you gave your word, telling them 'I will give you many children, as many as the stars in the sky, and I'll give this land to your children as their land forever.'" 14 And God did think twice. He decided not to do the evil he had threatened against his people.
15 Moses turned around and came down from the mountain, carrying the two tablets of The Testimony. The tablets were written on both sides, front and back. 16 God made the tablets and God wrote the tablets - engraved them. 17 When Joshua heard the sound of the people shouting noisily, he said to Moses, "That's the sound of war in the camp!" 18 But Moses said, Those aren't songs of victory, And those aren't songs of defeat, I hear songs of people throwing a party. 19 And that's what it was. When Moses came near to the camp and saw the calf and the people dancing, his anger flared. He threw down the tablets and smashed them to pieces at the foot of the mountain. 20 He took the calf that they had made, melted it down with fire, pulverized it to powder, then scattered it on the water and made the Israelites drink it.
21 Moses said to Aaron, "What on Earth did these people ever do to you that you involved them in this huge sin?" 22 Aaron said, "Master, don't be angry. You know this people and how set on evil they are. 23 They said to me, 'Make us gods who will lead us. This Moses, the man who brought us out of Egypt, we don't know what's happened to him.' 24 "So I said, 'Who has gold?' And they took off their jewelry and gave it to me. I threw it in the fire and out came this calf." 25 Moses saw that the people were simply running wild - Aaron had let them run wild, disgracing themselves before their enemies. 26 He took up a position at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is on God's side, join me!" All the Levites stepped up. 27 He then told them, "God's orders, the God of Israel: 'Strap on your swords and go to work. Crisscross the camp from one end to the other: Kill brother, friend, neighbor.'" 28 The Levites carried out Moses' orders. Three thousand of the people were killed that day. 29 Moses said, "You confirmed your ordination today - and at great cost, even killing your sons and brothers! And God has blessed you."
30 The next day Moses addressed the people: "You have sinned an enormous sin! But I am going to go up to God; maybe I'll be able to clear you of your sin." 31 Moses went back to God and said, "This is terrible. This people has sinned - it's an enormous sin! They made gods of gold for themselves. 32 And now, if you will only forgive their sin. . . . But if not, erase me out of the book you've written." 33 God said to Moses, "I'll only erase from my book those who sin against me. 34 For right now, you go and lead the people to where I told you. Look, my Angel is going ahead of you. On the day, though, when I settle accounts, their sins will certainly be part of the settlement." 35 God sent a plague on the people because of the calf they and Aaron had made.