In this chapter we have, I. David's kingdom established (v. 1,
2). II. His family built up (v. 3-7). III. His enemies, the Philistines, routed
in two campaigns (v. 8-17). This is repeated here from 2 Sa. 5:11, etc.
We may observe here, 1. There is no man that has such a
sufficiency in himself but he has need of his neighbours and has reason to be
thankful for their help: David had a very large kingdom, Hiram a very little
one; yet David could not build himself a house to his mind unless Hiram
furnished him with both workmen and materials, v. 1. This is a reason why we
should despise none, but, as we have opportunity, be obliging to all. 2. It is a
great satisfaction to a wise man to be settled, and to a good man to see the
special providences of God in his settlement. The people had made David king;
but he could not be easy, nor think himself happy, till he perceived that the
Lord had confirmed him king over Israel, v. 2. "Who shall unfix me if
God hath fixed me?" 3. We must look upon all our advancements as designed
for our usefulness. David's kingdom was lifted up on high, not for his
own sake, that he might look great, but because of his people Israel,
that he might be a guide and protector to them. We are blessed in order that we
may be blessings. See Gen. 12:2. We are not born, nor do we live, for ourselves.
4. It is difficult to thrive without growing secure and indulgent to the flesh.
It was David's infirmity that when he settled in his kingdom he took more
wives (v. 3), yet the numerous issue he had added to his honour and
strength. Lo, children are a heritage of the Lord. We had an account of
David's children, not only in Samuel, but in this book (ch. 3:1, etc.) and now
here again; for it was their honour to have such a father.
This narrative of David's triumph over the Philistines is much
the same with that, 2 Sa. 5:17, etc. 1. Let the attack which the Philistines
made upon David forbid us to be secure in any settlement or advancement, and
engage us to expect molestation in this world. When we are most easy something
or other may come to be a terror or vexation to us. Christ's kingdom will thus
be insulted by the serpent's seed, especially when it makes any advances. 2.
Let David's enquiry of God, once and again, upon occasion of the Philistines'
invading him, direct us in all our ways to acknowledge Godin distress to fly
to him, when we are wronged to appeal to him, and, when we know not what to do,
to ask counsel at his oracles, to put ourselves under his direction, and to beg
of him to show us the right way. 3. Let David's success encourage us to resist
our spiritual enemies, in observance of divine directions and dependence on
divine strength. Resist the devil, and he shall flee as the Philistines did
before David. 4. Let the sound of the going in the tops of the mulberry trees
direct us to attend God's motions both in his providence and in the influences
of his Spirit. When we perceive God to go before us let us gird up our loins,
gird on our armour, and follow him. 5. Let David's burning the gods of the
Philistines, when they fell into his hands, teach us a holy indignation against
idolatry and all the remains of it. 6. Let David's thankful acknowledgment of
the hand of God in his successes direct us to bring all our sacrifices of praise
to God's altar. Not unto us, O Lord! not unto us, but to thy name give
glory. 7. Let the reputation which David obtained, not only in his kingdom,
but among his neighbours, be looked upon as a type and figure of the exalted
honour of the Son of David (v. 17): The fame of David went out into all
lands; he was generally talked of, and admired by all people, and the
Lord brought the fear of him upon all nations. All looked upon him as a
formidable enemy and a desirable ally. Thus has God highly exalted our Redeemer,
and given him a name above every name.