A new system established founded on grace
It is David who places
Solomon on the throne, who commands the princes to aid
him, and who appoints prophecy in inspired psalms . He ordains the age at which the
Levites' service should commencea different age
from that ordained by Moses .
It is the whole order of
the house of God and of the king, which is appointed
under his hand; a new system which is established,
founded upon grace as its principle.
executor of the order and plans
Solomon only puts in
execution the order and plans of divine wisdom in David.
Glory is but the fruit of grace. It is the Christ who has
suffered, who is the wisdom and the power of God, unto
whom all the order of the house belongs. All the rest is
glorious, but it is only a result. Only we have already
seen that it is in peace, and by Christ, as Prince of
peace, that this house must be built. It did not become
the habitual manifestation of the glory of God, that
there should be enemies to combat; neither was it
suitable to the character of His people's joy. The
character of such a state of things should be that of
blessing -flowing without obstacle from God.
rejected suffering one, ruler of all, typical of Christ
It is very important to
observe how everything here is ruled by David. It is
important, in the first place, morally. The intelligence,
the right of ordering all things, the energy which grasps
the whole thought of God, the fellowship with Him in His
counsels, the germ and moral foundation of all these
counsels, as well as the power of maintaining them, are
connected with the sufferings which Christ underwent for
the glory of His Father. This is true of us also in our
measure. It is the humbled suffering Christ, who is
morally on a level with all this glory. It is important,
in the second place, as to intelligence in the ways of
God; for I doubt not that Christ, at the commencement of
His reign, will act in the character of David.
We may also remark here,
that the extent of authority which David exercised was
very great and of wide bearing. The whole religious order
was reconstructed. Everything, even to the age of the
Levites' service, depends on the authority and
regulations of David, as formerly on those of Moses. All
the pattern of the temple, and of its vessels, is given
him by inspiration, as that of the tabernacle, and all
belonging to it had been given to Moses. He also
introduced singing, and divers musical instruments, which
are even called "the musical instruments of God,"
and which, as well as the singing, had previously formed
no part of the public service. With the exception of the
ark, even the various vessels were different from those
of the tabernacle; and for each thing the precise weight
in gold or in silver was determined by David.
 Heman himself,
apparently, was inspired also. Several psalms are
ascribed to him, as well as to Asaph.
 At any rate the
probably probationary period of four years is not
mentioned. David ordains the age by his own authority.