1. his God--"his" still, though Jonah had fled from Him.
Faith enables Jonah now to feel this; just as the returning prodigal says of the
Father, from whom he had wandered, "I will arise and go to my Father"
out of the fish's belly--Every place may serve as an oratory. No place is amiss for prayer. Others translate, "when (delivered) out of the fish's belly." English Version is better.
2. His prayer is partly descriptive and precatory, partly
eucharistical. Jonah incorporates with his own language inspired utterances
familiar to the Church long before in Jonah
120:1; in Jonah
42:7; in Jon
31:22; in Jonah
69:1; in Jon
31:6; in Jonah
Jonah, an inspired man, thus attests both the antiquity and inspiration of the
Psalms. It marks the spirit of faith, that Jonah identifies himself with the
saints of old, appropriating their experiences as recorded in the Word of God (Psalms
119:50). Affliction opens up the mine of Scripture, before seen only on the
out of the belly of hell--Sheol, the unseen world, which the belly of the fish resembled.
3. thou hadst cast . . . thy billows . . . thy waves--Jonah recognizes the source whence his sufferings came. It was no mere chance, but the hand of God which sent them. Compare Job's similar recognition of God's hand in calamities, Job 1:21, 2:10; and David's, 2 Samuel 16:5-11.
4. cast out from thy sight--that is, from Thy favorable regard. A just
retribution on one who had fled "from the presence of the Lord"
1:3). Now that he has got his desire, he feels it to be his bitterest sorrow
to be deprived of God's presence, which once he regarded as a burden, and from
which he desired to escape. He had turned his back on God; so God turned His
back on him, making his sin his punishment.
toward thy holy temple--In the confidence of faith he anticipates yet to see the temple at Jerusalem, the appointed place of worship (1 Kings 8:38), and there to render thanksgiving [HENDERSON]. Rather, I think, "Though cast out of Thy sight, I will still with the eye of faith once more look in prayer towards Thy temple at Jerusalem, whither, as Thy earthly throne, Thou hast desired Thy worshippers to direct their prayers."
5. even to the soul--that is, threatening to extinguish the animal
weeds--He felt as if the seaweeds through which he was dragged were wrapped about his head.
6. bottoms of . . . mountains--their extremities
where they terminate in the hidden depths of the sea. Compare Psalms
18:7, "the foundations of the hills" (Psalms
earth with her bars was about me--Earth, the land of the living, is (not "was") shut against me.
for ever--so far as any effort of mine can deliver me.
yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption--rather, "Thou bringest . . . from the pit" [MAURER]. As in the previous clauses he expresses the hopelessness of his state, so in this, his sure hope of deliverance through Jehovah's infinite resources. "Against hope he believes in hope," and speaks as if the deliverance were actually being accomplished. Hezekiah seems to have incorporated Jonah's very words in his prayer (Isaiah 38:17), just as Jonah appropriated the language of the Psalms.
7. soul fainted . . . I remembered the Lord--beautifully
exemplifying the triumph of spirit over flesh, of faith over sense (Psalms
For a time troubles shut out hope; but faith revived when Jonah "remembered
the Lord," what a gracious God He is, and how now He still preserves his
life and consciousness in his dark prison-house.
into thine holy temple--the temple at Jerusalem (Jonah 2:4). As there he looks in believing prayer towards it, so here he regards his prayer as already heard.
8. observe lying vanities--regard or reverence idols, powerless to
mercy--Jehovah, the very idea of whom is identified now in Jonah's mind with mercy and loving-kindness. As the Psalmist (Psalms 144:2) styles Him, "my goodness"; God who is to me all beneficence. Compare Psalms 59:17, "the God of my mercy," literally, "my kindness-God." Jonah had "forsaken His own mercy," God, to flee to heathen lands where "lying vanities" (idols) were worshipped. But now, taught by his own preservation in conscious life in the fish's belly, and by the inability of the mariners idols to lull the storm (Jonah 1:5), estrangement from God seems estrangement from his own happiness (Jeremiah 2:13, 17:13). Prayer has been restrained in Jonah's case, so that he was "fast asleep" in the midst of danger, heretofore; but now prayer is the sure sign of his return to God.
9. I will sacrifice . . . thanksgiving--In the believing anticipation of sure deliverance, he offers thanksgivings already. So Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:21) appointed singers to praise the Lord in front of the army before the battle with Moab and Ammon, as if the victory was already gained. God honors such confidence in Him. There is also herein a mark of sanctified affliction, that he vows amendment and thankful obedience (Psalms 119:67).
10. upon the dry land--probably on the coast of Palestine.