2:1 I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a a man with a measuring line in his hand.
(a) This is the angel who was Christ: for in
respect of his office he is often called an angel, but in respect of his
eternal essence, is God, and so called.
said to him, Run, speak to this b young
man, saying, c Jerusalem shall be
inhabited [as] towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle in it:
(b) Meaning himself, Zechariah.
(c) Signifying the spiritual Jerusalem and Church
under Christ, which would be extended by the Gospel through all the world, and
would need no material walls, nor trust in any worldly strength, but would be
safely preserved and dwell in peace among all their enemies.
2:5 For I, saith the LORD, will be to her a wall of d
fire on every side, and will e be the
glory in the midst of her.
(d) To defend my Church, to strike fear in the
enemies, and to destroy them if they approach near.
(e) In me they will have their full felicity and
2:6 Ho, ho, [come f
forth], and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread
you abroad as the four g winds of the
heaven, saith the LORD.
(f) He calls to those who partly for fear, and
partly for their own case, remained still in captivity, and so preferred their
own personal benefits to the benefits of God promised in his Church.
(g) As it was I that scattered you, so I have
power to restore you.
Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest [with] the daughter of Babylon.
(h) By fleeing from Babylon, and coming to the
2:8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the i
glory hath he sent me to the nations which wasted you: for he that toucheth you
toucheth the k apple of his eye.
(i) Seeing that God had begun to show his grace
among you by delivering you, he continues the same still toward you, and
therefore sends me his angel and his Christ to defend you from your enemies,
so that they will not hurt you, neither along the way nor at home.
(k) You are so dear to God, that he can no more
allow your enemies to hurt you, than a man can endure to be thrust in the eye;
2:9 For, behold, I will shake my hand l
upon them, and m they shall be a spoil
to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath n
(l) Upon the heathen your enemies.
(m) They will be your servants, as you have been
(n) This must necessarily be understood of
Christ, who being God equal with his Father, was sent, as he was Mediator to
dwell in his Church and to govern them.