68:1 «To the chief Musician, A Psalm [or] Song of David.» Let God a arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him.
(a) The prophet shows that even though God
permits the wicked tyrants to oppress his Church for a time, yet eventually he
will take revenge on them.
But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yea, let them
(b) He shows that when God declares his power
against the wicked, it is for the convenience and salvation of his Church, who
praise him for it.
68:4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol
him that rideth upon the heavens by his name c
JAH, and rejoice before him.
(c) Jah and Jehovah are the names of God,
signifying his incomprehensible essence and majesty, so that by this it is
declared that all idols are vanity and that the God of Israel is the only true
68:6 God d
setteth the solitary in families: he bringeth out those which are bound with
chains: but the rebellious dwell in a e
(d) He gives children to those who are childless,
and increases their families.
(e) Which is devoid of God's blessings, which
before they had abused.
68:7 f O
God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through
the wilderness; Selah:
(f) He teaches that God's favour belongs
specifically to his Church as appears by their wonderful deliverance out of
congregation hath dwelt therein: thou, O God, hast prepared of thy g
goodness for the poor.
(g) God blessed the land of Canaan, because he
had chosen that place for his Church.
68:11 The Lord gave the word: great [was] the
company of h those that published [it].
(h) The fashion then was that women sang songs
after the victory, as did Miriam, Deborah, Judith and others.
68:12 Kings of armies did flee apace: and i
she that tarried at home divided the spoil.
(i) The prayer was so great, that not only the
soldiers, but the women also had part of it.
68:13 Though ye have lien among the k
pots, [yet shall ye be as] the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her
feathers with yellow gold.
(k) Though God permits his Church for a time to
lie in black darkness, yet he will restore it, and make it most shining and
68:14 When the Almighty scattered kings l
in it, it was [white] as snow in Salmon.
(l) In the land of Canaan, where his Church was.
68:15 m The
hill of God [is as] the hill of Bashan; an high hill [as] the hill of Bashan.
(m) Zion the Church of God exceeds all worldly
things, not in pomp and outward show, but by the inward grace of God, which
remains because of his dwelling there.
68:16 n Why
leap ye, ye high hills? [this is] the hill [which] God desireth to dwell in;
yea, the LORD will dwell [in it] for ever.
(n) Why do you boast of your strength and beauty
against this Mountain of God.
68:18 Thou hast ascended on
high, thou hast o led captivity captive:
thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the rebellious also, that the LORD
God might dwell [among them].
(o) As God overcame the enemy of his Church, took
them prisoners, and made them tributaries: so Christ, which is God manifested
in the flesh, subdued Satan and sin under us, and gave to his Church most
liberal gifts of his Spirit, (Ephesians
68:20 [He that is] our God
[is] the God of salvation; and unto GOD the Lord [belong] the p
issues from death.
(p) Even in most extreme dangers, God has
infinite ways to deliver his.
68:22 The Lord said, I will
bring again from q Bashan, I will bring
[my people] again from the depths of the sea:
(q) As he delivered his Church once from Og of
Bashan and other tyrants and from the danger of the Red Sea, so will he still
do as often as it is necessary.
68:23 That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of [thine]
enemies, [and] the tongue of thy dogs r
in the same.
(r) That is, in the blood of that great
slaughter, where dogs will lap blood.
68:24 They have seen s
thy goings, O God; [even] the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary.
(s) That is, how you who are chief King goes out
with your people to war, and gives them the victory.
68:25 The t
singers went before, the players on instruments [followed] after; among [them
were] the damsels playing with timbrels.
(t) He describes the order of the people, when
they went to the temple to give thanks for the victory.
68:26 Bless ye God in the congregations, [even] the
Lord, from the fountain u of Israel.
(u) Who come of the patriarch Jacob.
68:27 There [is] x
little Benjamin [with] their y ruler,
the princes of Judah [and] their council, the princes of Zebulun, [and] the
princes of Naphtali.
(x) Benjamin is called little, because he was the
youngest son of Jacob.
(y) Who was some chief ruler of the tribe.
Because of thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto thee.
(z) Declare out of your holy palace your power
for the defence of your Church Jerusalem.
68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude
of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] a
submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in
(a) He desires that the pride of the mighty may
be destroyed, who were accustomed to garnishing their shoes with silver, and
therefore for their glittering pomp thought themselves above all men.
68:31 Princes shall come out b
of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God.
(b) He prophecies that the Gentiles will come to
the true knowledge and worship of God.
68:33 To him that rideth upon
the heavens of heavens, [which were] of old; lo, he doth send out his c
voice, [and that] a mighty voice.
(c) By his terrible thunders he will make himself
be known as the God of all the world.
68:35 O God, [thou art] d
terrible out of thy holy e places: the
God of Israel [is] he that giveth strength and power unto [his] people. Blessed
(d) In showing fearful judgments against your
enemies for the salvation of your people.
(e) He alludes to the tabernacle which was
divided in three parts.