22:1 «To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.» My a God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my b roaring?
(a) Here appears that horrible conflict, which he
sustained between faith and desperation.
(b) Being tormented with extreme anguish.
22:3 But thou [art] holy, [O
thou] that inhabitest the c praises of
(c) He means the place of praising, even the
tabernacle or else it is so called, because he gave the people continuous
opportunity to praise him.
22:6 But I
[am] a d worm, and no man; a reproach of
men, and despised of the people.
(d) And seeming most miserable of all creatures,
which referred to Christ, and in this appears the unspeakable love of God for
man, that he would thus abase his son for our sakes.
thou [art] he that took me out of the e
womb: thou didst make me hope [when I was] upon my mother's breasts.
(e) Even from my birth you have given me
opportunity to trust in you.
22:10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou
[art] my God from my mother's f belly.
(f) For unless God's providence preserves the
infants, they would perish a thousand times in the mother's womb.
22:12 Many bulls have
compassed me: strong g [bulls] of Bashan
have beset me round.
(g) He means that his enemies were so fat, proud
and cruel that they were more like beasts than men.
22:14 I am poured out like h
water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in
the midst of my bowels.
(h) Before he spoke of the cruelty of his
enemies, and now he declares the inward grief of the mind, so that Christ was
tormented both in soul and body.
22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and
my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou i
hast brought me into the dust of death.
(i) You permitted me to be without all hope of
22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of
the wicked have inclosed me: they k
pierced my hands and my feet.
(k) Thus David complained as though he were
nailed by his enemies in both hands and feet, but this was accomplished in
Deliver my soul from the sword; my l
darling from the power of the dog.
(l) My life that is solitary, left alone and
forsaken by all, (Psalms
Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the
(m) Christ is delivered with a more mighty
deliverance by overcoming death, than if he had not tasted death at all.
22:23 Ye that fear the LORD, n
praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed
(n) He promises to exhort the Church that they by
his example might praise the Lord.
22:24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the
affliction of the o afflicted; neither
hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
(o) The poor afflicted are comforted by this
example of David, or Christ.
22:25 My praise [shall be] of thee in the great
congregation: I will pay my p vows
before them that fear him.
(p) Which were sacrifices of thanksgiving which
they offered by God's commandment, when they were delivered out of any great
22:26 q The
meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your
heart shall live for ever.
(q) He alludes still to the sacrifice.
All [they that be] fat r upon earth
shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: s
and none can keep alive his own soul.
(r) Though the poor are first named as in (Psalms
22:26) yet the wealthy are not separated from the grace of Christ's
(s) In whom there is no hope that he will recover
life: so neither poor nor rich, quick nor dead will be rejected from his
22:30 t A
seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
(t) Meaning, the prosperity which the Lord keeps
as a seed to the Church to continue his praise among men.
22:31 They shall come, and shall declare his
righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath u
(u) That is, God has fulfilled his promise.