1:1 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;
The Argument - The wonderful love of God toward his Church is declared in this
book: for as much as the sum and effect of the whole Scriptures is here set
forth in these brief sentences, which partly contain doctrine, and partly
manners, and also exhortations to both: of which the first nine Chapters are
as a preface full of grave sentences and deep mysteries, to assure the hearts
of men to the diligent reading of the parables that follow: which are left as
a precious jewel to the Church, of those three thousand parables mentioned in
4:32) and were gathered and committed to writing by Solomon's servants
and incited by him.
1:2 To know wisdom a
and instruction; to perceive the words b
(a) That is, what we ought to know and follow,
and what we ought to refuse.
(b) Meaning, the word of God in which is the only
1:3 To receive the c
instruction of wisdom, d justice, and
judgment, and equity;
(c) To learn to submit ourselves to the
correction of those who are wise.
(d) By living justly and rendering to every man
that which belongs to him.
1:4 To give subtilty to the e
simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.
(e) To such as have no discretion to rule
1:5 A wise [man] will hear, and will increase
learning; and a man of f understanding
shall attain unto wise counsels:
(f) As he shows that these parables containing
the effect of religion concerning manners and doctrine, belong to the simple
people: so he declares that the same is also necessary for them who are wise
1:8 My son,
hear the instruction of thy g father,
and forsake not the law of thy h mother:
(g) He speaks this in the Name of God, who is the
universal Father of all creatures, or in the name of the pastor of the Church,
who is as a father.
(h) That is, of the Church, in which the faithful
are begotten by the incorruptible seed of God's word.
1:10 My son, i
if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.
(i) That is, the wicked who do not have the fear
1:11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for k
blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
(k) He speaks not only of the shedding of blood
with hand, but of all crafty practises which tend to the detriment of our
1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the l
grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:
(l) As the grave is never satisfied, so the
malice of the wicked and their cruelty has no end.
1:14 Cast in thy lot among us;
let us all have one m purse:
(m) He shows how the wicked are allured to join
together, because they have everyone part of the spoil of the innocent.
1:15 My son, walk not thou in the way with them;
refrain thy foot from their n path:
(n) That is, have nothing at all to do with them.
they lay wait for their [own] blood; they lurk privily for o
their [own] lives.
(o) He shows that there is no reason to move
these wicked to spoil the innocent, aside from their malice and cruelty.
1:19 So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy
of gain; [which] taketh away p the life
of the owners thereof.
(p) By which he concludes that the covetous man
is a murderer.
Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the r
(q) This wisdom is the eternal word of God.
(r) So that no one can pretend ignorance.
1:22 How long, ye s
simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their
scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
(s) Wisdom reproves three kinds of men, the
foolish or simple who err out of ignorance, the mockers who cannot stand to be
taught, and the fools who are drowned in worldly lusts and hate the knowledge
I also will t laugh at your calamity; I
will mock when your fear cometh;
(t) This is spoken according to our capacity
signifying that the wicked, who mock and jest at God's word, will have the
just reward of their mocking.
1:27 When u
your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when
distress and anguish cometh upon you.
(u) That is, your destruction, which you feared.
1:28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not
answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not x
(x) Because they sought not with an affection to
God, but for ease of their own grief.
1:30 They would none of my
counsel: they y despised all my reproof.
(y) Showing that without faith and obedience, we
cannot call on God correctly.
1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the z
fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
(z) They will feel what convenience their wicked
life will give them.
1:32 For a
the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools
shall destroy them.
(a) That is, the prosperity and sensuality in
which they delight.