21:1 And [when] king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the a way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took [some] of them prisoners.
(a) By that way which their spies, that searched
the dangers found to he most safe.
they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to b
compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged
because of the way.
(b) For they were forbidden to destroy it, (Deuteronomy
21:5 And the people spake against God, and against
Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness?
for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any] water; and our soul loatheth
this light c bread.
(c) Meaning manna, which they thought did not
21:6 And the LORD sent d
fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of
(d) For they that were bitten by them were so
inflamed by the poison of them, that they died.
Wherefore it is said in the e book of
the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,
(e) Which seems to be the book of the Judges, or
as some think, a book which is lost.
Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; f
sing ye unto it:
(f) You that receive the convenience of it, give
praise for it.
21:18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of
the people digged it, by [the direction of] the g
lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness [they went] to Mattanah:
(g) Only Moses and Aaron, the heads of the
people, struck the rock with the rod or staff, which gave water as a well that
was deep digged.
And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from
Arnon unto h Jabbok, even unto the
children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon [was] i
(h) The river.
(i) For the people were tall and strong like
21:26 For k
Heshbon [was] the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against
the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.
(k) For if it had been the Moabites, the
Israelites might not have possessed it, (Deuteronomy
21:28 For there is a l
fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of
Moab, [and] the lords of the high places of Arnon.
(l) Meaning, wane.
21:29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people
of m Chemosh: he hath given his sons
that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites.
(m) Chemosh was the idol of the Moabites, (1 Kings
11:33) who was not able to defend his worshippers, who took the idol for