22:1 And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on a this side Jordan [by] Jericho.
(a) Being at Jericho, it was beyond the Jordan,
but where the Israelites were, it was on this side.
Moab said unto the b elders of Midian,
Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh
up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor [was] king of the
Moabites at that time.
(b) Who were the heads and governors.
22:5 He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the
son of Beor to Pethor, which [is] by the c
river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold,
there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth,
and they abide over against me:
(c) That is, Euphrates, upon which stood this
22:7 And the elders of Moab and
the elders of Midian departed with d the
rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto
him the words of Balak.
(d) Thinking to bribe him with gifts to curse the
22:8 And he said unto them, Lodge here this night,
and I will bring you word again, as the LORD shall speak unto me: and e
the princes of Moab abode with Balaam.
(e) Whom before he called elders: meaning the
governors, and later calls them servants: that is, subjects to their king.
And God f said unto Balaam, Thou shalt
not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they [are] blessed.
(f) He warned him by a dream, that he should not
consent to the kings wicked request.
22:13 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and said
unto the princes of Balak, Get you into your land: for the LORD refuseth to give
g me leave to go with you.
(g) Or else he would have been willing,
covetousness had so blinded his heart.
And they came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor, h
Let nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming unto me:
(h) The wicked seek by all means to further their
naughty enterprises, though they know that God is against them.
Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also here this night, that I may know what
the LORD will say unto me i more.
(i) Because he tempted God to require him
contrary to his commandment, his petition was granted, but it turned to his
And God's anger was kindled because he k
went: and the angel of the LORD stood in the way for an adversary against him.
Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants [were] with him.
(k) Moved rather with covetousness than to obey
But the angel of the LORD stood in a path of the vineyards, a wall [being] on
this side, and a wall on that side.
(l) The second time.
And the LORD m opened the mouth of the
ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast
smitten me these three times?
(m) Gave her power to speak.
22:30 And the ass said unto
Balaam, [Am] not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden ever n
since [I was] thine unto this day? was I ever wont to do so unto thee? And he
(n) Since you have been my master.
22:31 Then the LORD o
opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way,
and his sword drawn in his hand: and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on
(o) For if the Lord does not open your eyes, you
can see neither his anger or his love.
22:32 And the angel of the LORD said unto him,
Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I went out to
withstand thee, because [thy] p way is
perverse before me:
(p) Both your heart is corrupt and your
And the angel of the LORD said unto Balaam, Go with the men: but only the q
word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So Balaam went with
the princes of Balak.
(q) Because his heart was evil, his charge was
renewed, that he should not pretend ignorance.
22:36 And when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he
went out to meet him unto a city of Moab, which [is] in the r
border of Arnon, which [is] in the utmost coast.
(r) Near the place where the Israelites camped.
22:38 And Balaam said unto
Balak, Lo, I am come unto thee: have I now any power at all to say s
any thing? the word that God putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak.
(s) On my own I can say nothing, I will only
speak what God reveals, whether it is good or bad.
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up
into the high places of t Baal, that
thence he might see the utmost [part] of the people.
(t) Where the idol Baal was worshipped.