2:2 a Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.
(a) In the twelve tribes were four principle
standards, so that every three tribes had their standard.
2:5 And those
that do pitch next unto him [shall be] the tribe b
of Issachar: and Nethaneel the son of Zuar [shall be] captain of the children of
(b) Judah, Issachar and Zebulun the sons of Leah
were of the first standard.
All that were numbered in the c camp of
Judah [were] an hundred thousand and fourscore thousand and six thousand and
four hundred, throughout their armies. These shall first set forth.
(c) Of those who were contained under that name.
2:10 On the south side [shall be] the standard of
the camp d of Reuben according to their
armies: and the captain of the children of Reuben [shall be] Elizur the son of
(d) Reuben and Simeon, the sons of Leah, and Gad,
the son of Zilpah her maid, were of the second standard.
Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the
Levites in the e midst of the camp: as
they encamp, so shall they set forward, every man in his place by their
(e) Because it might be an equal distance from
each one, and all indifferently have recourse to it.
2:18 f On
the west side [shall be] the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their
armies: and the captain of the sons of Ephraim [shall be] Elishama the son of
(f) Because Ephraim and Manasseh took the place
of Joseph their father, they are taken as Rachel's children, so they and
Benjamin make the third standard.
The standard of the camp of g Dan [shall
be] on the north side by their armies: and the captain of the children of Dan
[shall be] Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
(g) Dan and Naphtali the sons of Bilhah
Rachel's maid with Asher the son of Zilpah make the fourth standard.
These [are] h those which were numbered
of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers: all those that were
numbered of the camps throughout their hosts [were] six hundred thousand and
three thousand and five hundred and fifty.
(h) Which were of twenty years and above.
2:34 And the children of Israel
did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses: so they pitched by their i
standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to
the house of their fathers.
(i) For under every one of the four principal
standards, were various signs to keep every band.