4:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through a ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD [concerning things] which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:
(a) That is, of negligence or ignorance,
especially in the ceremonial law: for otherwise the punishment for a crime is
determined according to the transgression, (Numbers
4:3 If b the
priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him
bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto
the LORD for a sin offering.
(b) Meaning, the high priest.
4:4 And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of
the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall lay his hand upon
the bullock's head, and c kill the
bullock before the LORD.
(c) By this confessing that he deserved the same
punishment which the beast suffered.
4:6 And the priest shall dip his
finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD,
before the vail of the d sanctuary.
(d) Which was between the holiest of holies and
4:7 And the priest shall put [some] of the blood upon
the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which [is] in the e
tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at
the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which [is at] the door of the
tabernacle of the congregation.
(e) Which was in the court: meaning by the
tabernacle the sanctuary: and in the end of this verse it is taken for the
And if the f whole congregation of
Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the
assembly, and they have done [somewhat against] any of the commandments of the
LORD [concerning things] which should not be done, and are guilty;
(f) The multitude does not excuse the sin, but if
all have sinned, they must all be punished.
4:15 And the g
elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock
before the LORD: and the bullock shall be killed before the LORD.
(g) For all the people could not lay on their
hands: therefore it was sufficient that the elders of the people did it in the
name of all the congregation.
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and kill it h
in the place where they kill the burnt offering before the LORD: it [is] a sin
(h) That is, the priest shall kill it; for it was
not lawful for any out of that office to kill the beast.
4:26 And he shall burn all his
fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the
priest shall make i an atonement for him
as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
(i) In which he represented Jesus Christ.
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay the sin
offering in the place of the burnt offering.
(k) Read (Leviticus
And he shall lay his l hand upon the
head of the sin offering, and slay it for a sin offering in the place where they
kill the burnt offering.
(l) Meaning that the punishment of his sin should
be laid on the beast, or, that he had received all things from God, and
offered this willingly.
4:35 And he shall take away all
the fat thereof, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the
peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, m
according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: and the priest shall make
an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
(m) Or, besides the burnt offerings, which were
daily offered to the Lord.