19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and 1 scourged [him].
(1) The wisdom of the flesh chooses the least of
two evils, but God curses that very wisdom.
Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him
forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
(2) Christ is again acquitted by the same mouth
with which he was afterwards condemned.
19:6 When the chief priests
therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, a
Crucify [him], crucify [him]. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify
[him]: for I find no fault in him.
(a) They will have him crucified whom, by an old
custom of theirs, they should have stoned and hanged up as convicted of
blasphemy: but they desire to have him crucified after the manner of the
When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
(3) Pilate's conscience fights for Christ, but
it immediately yields, because it is not upheld with the singular power of
4 When Pilate therefore heard that
saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place
that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, b
(4) Pilate condemns himself first, with the same
mouth with which he afterwards condemns Christ.
(b) "Gabbatha" signifies a high place,
as judgment seats are.
5 Then delivered he him therefore unto
them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led [him] away.
(5) Christ fastens Satan, sin, and death to the
6 And Pilate wrote a title, and put [it]
on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
(6) Christ, sitting upon the throne of the cross,
is publicly proclaimed everlasting King of all people by the hand of him who
condemned him for usurping a kingdom.
7 Then the soldiers, when they had
crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a
part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top
(7) Christ signifies by the division of his
garments amongst the bloody butchers (except for his coat which had no seam)
that it will come to pass, that he will shortly divide his benefits, and
enrich his very enemies throughout the world: but in such a way that the
treasure of his Church will remain whole.
Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister,
Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
(8) Christ is a perfect example of all
righteousness, not only in the keeping of the first, but also of the second
table of the ten commandments.
9 After this, Jesus knowing that all
things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I
(9) Christ when he has taken the vinegar, yields
up the Spirit, indeed drinking up in our name that most bitter and severe cup
of his Father's wrath.
19:29 Now there was set a c
vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon
hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth.
(c) Galatinus witnesses out of the book called
Sanhedrin that the Jews often gave those who were executed vinegar mixed with
frankincense to drink, to make them somewhat delirious: so the Jews provided
charitably for the poor men's conscience who were executed.
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not
remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high
day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be
(10) The body of Christ which was dead for a
season (because it so pleased him) is wounded, but not the least bone of it is
broken: and such is the state of his resurrection body.
11 But one of the soldiers with a spear d
pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
(11) Christ, being dead upon the cross, witnesses
by a double sign that he alone is the true satisfaction, and the true washing
for the believers.
(d) This wound was a most manifest witness of the
death of Christ: for the water that issued out by this wound shows us plainly
that the weapon pierced the very skin that encompasses the heart, and this
skin is the vessel that contains the water; and once that is wounded, the
creature which is so pierced and stricken has no choice but to die.
12 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea,
being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate
that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave [him] leave. He came
therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
(12) Christ is openly buried, and in a famous
place, Pilate permitting and allowing it, and buried by men who showed favour
to Christ in doing this, men who had before that day never openly followed
him: so that by his burial, no man can justly doubt either of his death, or
Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a
new sepulchre, wherein was e never man
(e) That no man might frivolously object to his
resurrection, as though someone else that had been buried there had risen;