1:1 Simon 1 Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the a righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
(1) A greeting, in which he gives them to
understand that he deals with them as Christ's ambassadors, and otherwise
agrees with them in the same faith which is grounded on the righteousness of
Jesus Christ, our God and Saviour.
(a) In that God, in standing by his promises,
showed himself faithful, and therefore just to us.
1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you 2
through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,
(2) Faith is the acknowledging of God and Christ,
from which all our blessedness issues and flows.
According as his b divine power hath
given unto us all things that [pertain] unto c
life and godliness, through the d
knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
(3) Christ sets forth himself to us plainly in
the Gospel, and that by his only power, and gives us all things which are
required both for eternal life, in which he has appointed to glorify us, and
also to godliness, in that he furnishes us with true virtue.
(b) He speaks of Christ, whom he makes God and
the only Saviour.
(c) To salvation.
(d) This is the sum of true religion, to be led
by Christ to the Father, as it were by the hand.
Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these
ye might be partakers of the e divine
nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
(4) An explanation of the former sentence,
declaring the causes of so great benefits, that is, God and his free promise,
from which all these benefits proceed, I say, these most excellent benefits,
by which we are delivered from the corruption of this world, (that is, from
the wicked lusts which we carry about in us) and are made like God himself.
(e) By the divine nature he means not the
substance of the Godhead, but the partaking of those qualities, by which the
image of God is restored in us.
And beside this, giving all diligence, h
add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
(5) Having laid the foundation (that is, having
declared the causes of our salvation and especially of our sanctification) now
he begins to exhort us to give our minds wholly to the true use of this grace.
He begins with faith, without which nothing can please God, and he warns us to
have it fully equipped with virtue (that is to say, with good and godly
manners) being joined with the knowledge of God's will, without which, there
is neither faith, neither any true virtue.
(h) Supply also, and support or aid.
And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience
(6) He brings up certain and other principal
virtues, of which some pertain to the first table of the law, others to the
For if these things be in you, and abound, they make [you that ye shall] neither
[be] barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(7) As those fruits do spring from the true
knowledge of Christ, so in like sort the knowledge itself is fostered and
grows by bringing forth such fruits, in so much that he that is unfruitful,
did either never know the true light, or has forgotten the gift of
sanctification which he has received.
1:9 But he that lacketh these things is blind,
and (i) cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten
that he was purged from his old sins.
(i) He that has not an effectual knowledge of God
in him, is blind concerning the kingdom of God, for he cannot see things that
are afar off, that is to say, heavenly things.
Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election
sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
(8) The conclusion: Therefore seeing our calling
and election is approved by those fruits, and is confirmed in us, and moreover
seeing this is the only way to the everlasting kingdom of Christ, it remains
that we set our minds wholly on that way.
Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these
things, though ye know [them], and be established in the present truth.
(9) An amplifying of the conclusion joined with a
modest excuse, in which he declares his love towards them, and tells them of
his death which is at hand.
1:13 Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in
this k tabernacle, to stir you up by
putting [you] in remembrance;
(k) In this body.
10 For we have not followed cunningly
devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord
Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
(10) Another amplification taken from both the
great certainty and also the excellency of his doctrine, of which our Lord
Jesus Christ the Son of God is author, whose glory the apostle both saw and
11 We have also a more sure word of
prophecy; 12 whereunto ye do well that
ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day l
dawn, and the m day star arise in your
(11) The truth of the gospel is by this revealed,
in that it agrees wholly with the foretellings of the prophets.
(12) The doctrine of the apostles does not
contradict the doctrine of the prophets, for they confirm each other by each
others testimonies, but the prophets were like candles which gave light to the
blind, until the brightness of the gospel began to shine.
(l) A more full and open knowledge, than was
under the shadows of the law.
(m) That clearer doctrine of the gospel.
Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the n
scripture is of any o private
(13) The prophets are to be read, but so that we
ask of God the gift of interpretation, for he who is the author of the
writings of the prophets, is also the interpreter of them.
(n) He joins the Scripture and prophecy together,
to distinguish true prophecies from false.
(o) For all interpretation comes from God.
1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by
the will of man: but p holy men of God
spake [as they were] q moved by the Holy
(p) The godly interpreters and messengers.
(q) Inspired by God: their actions were in very
good order, and not as the actions of the profane soothsayers, and foretellers
of things to come.