2:1 But 1 there were false prophets also among the a people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
(1) As in times past there were two kinds of
prophets, the one true and the other false, so Peter tells them that there
will be true and false teachers in the Church, so much so that Christ himself
will be denied by some, who nonetheless will call him redeemer.
(a) Under the law, while the state and policy of
the Jews was yet standing.
2:2 2 And
many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth
shall be evil spoken of.
(2) There shall not only be heresies, but also
many followers of them.
And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make b
merchandise of you: 4 whose judgment now
of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
(3) Covetousness for the most part is a companion
of heresy, and makes trade in souls.
(b) They will abuse you, and sell you as they
sell cattle in an auction. (4) Comfort for the
godly: God who cast the angels that fell away from him, headlong into the
darkness of hell, to eventually be judged; and who burned Sodom, and saved
Lot, will deliver his elect from these errors, and will utterly destroy those
2:4 For if God spared not the angels that
sinned, but cast [them] down to c hell,
and delivered [them] into d chains of
darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
(c) So the Greeks called the deep dungeons under
the earth, which should be appointed to torment the souls of the wicked in.
(d) Bound them with darkness as with chains: and
by darkness he means that most miserable state of life that is full of horror.
2:5 And spared not the e
old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a f
preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
(e) Which was before the flood: not that God made
a new world, but because the world seemed new.
(f) For one hundred and twenty years, he did not
cease to warn the wicked both by word and deed, of the wrath of God hanging
over their heads.
(For that righteous man dwelling among them, in g
seeing and hearing, h vexed [his]
righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;)
(g) Whatever way he looked, and turned his ears.
(h) He had a troubled soul, and being vehemently
grieved, lived a painful life.
2:9 The Lord i
knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust
unto the day of judgment to be punished:
(i) Has been long practised in saving and
delivering the righteous.
But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and
despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to
speak evil of k dignities.
(5) He goes to another type of corrupt men, who
nonetheless are within the bosom of the Church, who are wickedly given, and do
seditiously speak evil of the authority of magistrates (which the angels
themselves that minister before God, do not discredit.) A true and accurate
description of the Romish clergy (as they call it.)
(k) Princes and great men, be they ever so high
But these, as natural brute beasts, l
made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand
not; and shall utterly perish in their m
6 An accurate description of the same
persons, in which they are compared to beasts who are made for destruction,
while they give themselves to fill their bellies: For there is no greater
ignorance than is in these men: although they most impudently find fault with
those things of which they know not: and it shall come to pass that they shall
destroy themselves as beasts with those pleasures with which they are
delighted, and dishonour and defile the company of the godly.
(l) Made to this end to be a prey to others: So
do these men willingly cast themselves into Satan's snares.
(m) Their own wicked conduct shall bring them to
2:13 And shall receive the reward of
unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots
[they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings n
while they feast with you;
(n) When by being among the Christians in the
holy banquets which the Church keeps, they would seem by that to be true
members of the Church, yet they are indeed but blots on the Church.
Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable
souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
(7) He condemns those men, showing even in their
behaviour and countenance an unmeasurable lust, making trade of the souls of
vain persons, as men exercised in all the crafts of covetousness, to be short,
as men that sell themselves for money to curse the sons of God in the same way
Balaam did, whom the dumb beast reproved.
8 These are o
wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of
p darkness is reserved for ever.
(8) Another note by which it may be known what
manner of men they are, because they have inwardly nothing but that which is
utterly vain or very harmful, although they make a show of some great
goodness, yet they shall not escape unpunished for it, because under pretence
of false freedom, they draw men into the most miserable slavery of sin.
(o) Who boast of knowledge and have nothing in
(p) Most gross darkness.
2:18 For when they speak great q
swelling [words] of vanity, they r
allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that
were s clean escaped from them who live
(q) They deceive with vain and swelling words.
(r) They take them, as fish are taken with the
(s) Unfeignedly and indeed, clean departed from
For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge
of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and
overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
(9) It is better to have never known the way of
righteousness, than to turn back from it to the old filthiness: and men that
do so, are compared to dogs and swine.