11:1 But king Solomon loved many a strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, [and] Hittites;
(a) Who were idolaters.
11:3 And he had seven
hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred b
concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.
(b) To whom belonged no dowry.
11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old,
[that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not c
perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father.
(c) He did not serve God with a pure heart.
11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the
goddess of the Zidonians, and after d
Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
(d) Who was also called Molech in (1 Kings
11:7). See also (2 Kings
11:7 Then did Solomon
build an high place for Chemosh, the e
abomination of Moab, in the hill that [is] before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the
abomination of the children of Ammon.
(e) Thus the scripture calls whatever man reveres
and serves as God.
Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as f
this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which
I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give
it to thy servant.
(f) That you have forsaken me and worshipped
11:13 Howbeit I
will not rend away all the kingdom; [but] will give one g
tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which
I have chosen.
(g) Because the tribes of Judah and Benjamin had
their possessions mixed, they are here taken as one tribe.
11:14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary
unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he [was] of the king's h
seed in Edom.
(h) Of the king of Edom's stock.
11:15 For it came to pass, when David was in
Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the i
slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom;
(i) Of the Edomites.
11:17 That Hadad k
fled, he and certain Edomites of his father's servants with him, to go into
Egypt; Hadad [being] yet a little child.
(k) Thus God reserved this idolater as scourge to
punish his people's sins.
11:19 And Hadad l
found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the
sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen.
(l) God brought him honour, that his power might
be more able to compass his enterprises against Solomon's house.
And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which m
fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:
(m) When David had defeated Hadadezer and his
11:24 And he gathered men unto him, and became
captain over a band, when David slew them [of Zobah]: and they went to Damascus,
and dwelt therein, n and reigned in
(n) That is, the men whom he had gathered to him.
And the man Jeroboam [was] a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young
man that he was industrious, he made him o
ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph.
(o) He was overseer of Solomon's works for the
tribe of Ephraim and Manasseh.
11:30 And Ahijah
caught the new garment that [was] on him, and p
rent it [in] twelve pieces:
(p) By these visible signs the prophets would
more deeply print their message into the hearts of those to whom they were
And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a q
light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my
(q) He refers to the Messiah, who would be the
bright star that would shine through all the world.
And I will r for this afflict the seed
of David, s but not for ever.
(r) For this idolatry that Solomon has committed.
(s) For the whole spiritual kingdom was restored
in the Messiah.
11:41 And the rest
of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, [are] they not
written in the t book of the acts of
(t) Which it is thought was lost in their