18:1 And 1 after these things I saw another 2 angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.
(1) The second passage (as I said before) See Geneva
of the history of Babylon, is of the woeful fall and ruin of that whore of
Babylon. This historical prediction concerning her, is threefold. The first a
plain and simple foretelling of her ruin, in three verses (Revelation
18:2,3). The second a figurative prediction by the circumstances, from
there to (Revelation
18:4-20). The third, a confirmation of the same by sign or wonder, to the
end of the chapter (Revelation
18:21-24). (2) Either Christ the eternal word
of God the Father (as often elsewhere) or a created angel, and one deputed to
this service, but thoroughly provided with greatness of power, and with light
of glory, as the ensign of power.
18:2 3 And
he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is
fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul
spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
(3) The prediction of her ruin, containing both
the fall of Babylon, in this verse, and the cause of it uttered by way of
allegory concerning her spiritual and carnal wickedness, that is, her most
great impiety and injustice, in (Revelation
18:3). Her fall is first declared by the angel, and then the greatness of
it is shown here, by the events when he says it shall be the seat and
habitation of devils, of wild beasts, and of cursed souls, as in (Isaiah
13:21) and often elsewhere.
And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, 5
Come out of her, my people, that ye 6 be
not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.
(4) The second prediction, which is of the
circumstances of the ruin of Babylon: of these there are two types: one going
before it, as beforehand the godly are delivered, to the ninth verse (Revelation
18:5-9): the other following on her ruin, namely the lamentation of the
wicked, and rejoicing of the godly, to the twentieth verse (Revelation
18:10-20). (5) Two circumstance going before
the ruin, are commanded in this place: one is that the godly depart out of
Babylon: as I mentioned in chapter twelve to have been done in time past,
before the destruction of Jerusalem: this charge is given here and in the next
verse. The other is, that every one of them occupy themselves in their own
place, in executing the judgment of God, as it was commanded of the Levites in
32:27) and that they sanctify their hands to the Lord. (6)
Of this commandment there are two causes: to avoid the contamination of sin
and to shun the participation of those punishments that belong to it.
18:5 For her sins have a
reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.
(a) He uses a word which signifies the following
of sins one after another, and rising one of another in such sort, that they
grow at length to such a heap, that they come up even to heaven.
Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her
works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
(7) The provocation of the godly, and the
commandment of executing the judgment of God, stand on three causes which are
here expressed: the unjust wickedness of the whore of Babylon, in this verse,
her cursed pride opposing itself against God, which is the fountain of all
evil actions, (Revelation
18:7) and her most just damnation by the sentence of God, (Revelation
18:7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived
deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith b
in her heart, I sit a queen, and am c no
widow, and shall d see no sorrow.
(b) With herself.
(c) I am full of people and mighty.
(d) I shall taste of none.
18:8 Therefore shall her plagues come in e
one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with
fire: for strong [is] the Lord God who judgeth her.
(e) Shortly, and at one instant.
18:9 And 8
the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously
with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of
(8) The circumstances following the fall of
Babylon, or the consequences of it (as I distinguished them in) See Geneva
are two. Namely the lamentation of the wicked to (Revelation
18:5-19) and the rejoicing of the godly in (Revelation
18:20). This sorrowful lamentation, according to those that lament, has
three parts: the first of which is the mourning of the kings and mighty men of
the earth, (Revelation
18:9,10): The second is, the lamentation of the merchants that trade by
land, to the sixteenth verse: (Revelation
18:11-16). The third is, the wailing of those that trade by sea, in (Revelation
18:16-18). In each of those the cause and manner of their mourning is
described in order, according to the condition of those that mourn, with
observation of that which best agrees to them.
And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth
their merchandise any more:
(9) The lamentation of those that trade by land,
as I distinguished before.
And the f fruits that thy soul lusted
after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are
departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all.
(10) An apostrophe, or turning of the speech by
imitation, used for more vehemence, as if those merchants, as mourners, should
in passionate speech speak to Babylon, though now utterly fallen and
13:9) and in many other places.
(f) By this is meant that season which is before
the fall of the leaf, at which time fruit ripens, and the word signifies such
fruits as are longed for.
For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all
the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
(11) The manner of mourning used by them that
trade by sea.
Rejoice over her, 12 [thou] heaven, and
[ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
(12) The other consequence on the ruin of
Babylon, is the exultation or rejoicing of the godly in heaven and in earth as
was noted in this verse.
And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast [it] into
the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown
down, and shall be found no more at all.
(13) The third prediction, as I said See Geneva
based on a sign, and the interpretation of it: the interpretation of it is in
two sorts, first by a simple proposal of the thing itself, in this verse, and
then by declaration of the events, in the verses following.
And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be
heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft [he be],
shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no
more at all in thee;
(14) The events are two, and one of them opposite
to the other for amplification sake. There shall be no mirth nor joy at all in
Babylon, he says in this and the next verse, (Revelation
18:23) but heavy and lamentable things, from the bloody slaughters of the
righteous and the vengeance of God coming on it for this.
18:24 And in her was found
the 15 blood of prophets, 16
and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
(15) That is shed by bloody massacres, and
calling for vengeance.
(16) That is, proved and found out, as if God had
appointed a just inquiry concerning the impiety, unnaturalness and injustice
of these men.