44:1 «To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil.» We have heard with our a ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
(a) This psalm seems to have been made by some
excellent prophet for the use of the people when the Church was in extreme
misery, either at their return from Babylon or under Antiochus or in similar
44:2 [How] thou didst drive out the b
heathen with thy hand, and plantedst c
them; [how] thou didst afflict the d
people, and (e) cast them out.
(b) That is, the Canaanites.
(c) That is, our fathers.
(d) Of Canaan.
(e) That is, our fathers.
44:3 For they got not the land in possession by
their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and
thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a f
favour unto them.
(f) God's free mercy and love is the only
fountain and beginning of the Church, (Deuteronomy
44:4 Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances
for g Jacob.
(g) Because you are our king, therefore deliver
your people from their misery.
Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy name will we tread them
under that rise up against us.
(h) Because they and their forefathers made both
one Church, they apply that to themselves which before they attributed to
But thou hast cast off, and put us to i
shame; and goest not forth with our armies.
(i) As they confessed before that their strength
came from God, so now they acknowledge that this affliction came by his just
44:11 Thou hast given us k
like sheep [appointed] for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
(k) Knowing God to be author of this calamity,
they murmur not, but seek remedy at his hands who wounded them.
44:12 Thou sellest thy people l
for nought, and dost not increase [thy wealth] by their price.
(l) As slaves who are sold for a low price, you
do not look for him who offers the most, but take the first offer.
My m confusion [is] continually before
me, and the shame of my face hath covered me,
(m) I dare not lift up my head for shame.
44:16 For the voice of him that reproacheth and
blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and n
(n) Meaning, the proud and cruel tyrant.
44:17 All this is come upon us; yet have we not o
forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.
(o) They boast not of their virtues, but declare
that they rest on God in the midst of their affliction: who did not punished
their sins now, but by hard afflictions called them to the consideration of
the heavenly joys.
If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a p
(p) They show that they honoured God correctly,
because they trusted in him alone.
44:21 Shall not God q
search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
(q) They take God to witness that they were
upright toward him.
44:22 Yea, for thy sake r
are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
(r) The faithful take comfort in this, that the
wicked punish them not for their sins, but for because of God, (Matthew
5:10; 1 Peter
For our soul is s bowed down to the
dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth.
(s) There is no hope of recovery, unless you
raise us up with your hand.
44:26 Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy t
(t) Which is the only sufficient ransom to
deliver both body and souls from all kinds of slavery and misery.