35:2 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the a Levites of the inheritance of their possession b cities to dwell in; and ye shall give [also] unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them.
(a) Because they had no inheritance assigned them
in the land of Canaan.
(b) God would have them scattered through all the
land, because the people might be preserved by them in the obedience of God
and his Law.
ye shall measure from without the city on the east side c
two thousand cubits, and on the south side two thousand cubits, and on the west
side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits; and the
city [shall be] in the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of the cities.
(c) So that in all were three thousand, and in
the compass of these two thousand, they might plant and sow.
And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the d
avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in
(d) Meaning, from the next of the kindred, who
ought to pursue the cause.
35:14 Ye shall give three
cities e on this side Jordan, and three
cities shall ye give in the land of Canaan, [which] shall be cities of refuge.
(e) Among the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the
tribe of Manasseh, (Deuteronomy
35:16 And if he f
smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he [is] a murderer: the
murderer shall surely be put to death.
(f) Wittingly, and willingly.
35:17 And if he smite him with throwing a g
stone, wherewith he may die, and he die, he [is] a murderer: the murderer shall
surely be put to death.
(g) That is, with a big and dangerous stone: in
Hebrew, with a stone of his hand.
Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the h
revenger of blood according to these judgments:
(h) That is, his next kinsman.
35:25 And the congregation shall deliver the slayer
out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him
to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto
the death of the i high priest, which
was anointed with the holy oil.
(i) Under this figure is declared, that our sins
could not be remitted, but by the death of the high Priest Jesus Christ.
35:27 And the revenger of
blood find him without the borders of the city of his refuge, and the revenger
of blood kill the k slayer; he shall not
be guilty of blood:
(k) By the sentence of the judge.
35:29 So these [things] shall
be for a l statute of judgment unto you
throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
(l) A law to judge murders done either on
purpose, or accidentally.
35:31 Moreover ye shall take
no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which [is] m
guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.
(m) Who purposely committed murder.
35:33 So ye shall not pollute
the land wherein ye [are]: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot
be n cleansed of the blood that is shed
therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.
(n) So God is mindful of the blood wrongfully
shed, that he makes his dumb creatures demand vengeance of it.