7:1 Then 1 came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem.
(1) None resist the wisdom of God more than they
that should be wisest, and they resist because of their zeal for their own
traditions: for men please themselves in superstition more than in any other
thing, that is to say, in a worship of God fondly devised by themselves.
7:2 And when they saw some of his disciples a
eat bread with b defiled, that is to
say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault.
(a) Literally, "eat bread": an idiom
which the Hebrews use, understanding bread to represent every type of food.
(b) For the Pharisees would not eat their food
with unwashed hands, because they thought that their hands were defiled with
the common handling of things; (Matthew
7:3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they
wash [their] hands oft, eat not, c
holding the tradition of the elders.
(c) Observing diligently.
7:4 And [when they come] from the d
market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which
they have received to hold, [as] the washing of cups, and e
pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
(d) That is to say, after coming from civil and
worldly affairs they do not eat unless they first wash themselves.
(e) By these words are understood all types of
vessels which we use daily.
7:5 Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why f
walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread
with unwashen hands?
(f) Why live they not? This is a Hebrew idiom:
for among them the "way" is taken for "lifestyle".
7:6 2 He
answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as
it is written, This people honoureth me with [their] lips, but their heart is
far from me.
(2) Hypocrisy is always joined with superstition.
7:7 3 Howbeit
in vain do they worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.
(3) The more earnest the superstitious are, the
more mad they are in promising themselves God's favour because of their
7:8 4 For
laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, [as] the
washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.
(4) The deeds of superstitious men not only do
not fulfil the law of God (as they blasphemously persuaded themselves) but
these deeds utterly take away God's law.
7:9 5 And he
said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep
your own tradition.
(5) True religion, which is completely contrary
to superstition, consists in spiritual worship: and all enemies of true
religion, although they seem to have taken deep root, will be plucked up.
7:10 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy
mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him g
die the death:
(g) Without hope of pardon, he will be put to
Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into
the draught, h purging all meats?
(h) For that which goes into the draught purges
Thefts, i covetousness, wickedness,
deceit, lasciviousness, an k evil eye,
blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
(i) All types of craftiness by which men profit
themselves at other men's losses.
(k) Corrupted malice.
And from thence he arose, and went into the l
borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know
[it]: but he could not be hid.
(6) That which the proud reject when it is
offered to them, that same thing the modest and humble sinners as it were
(l) Into the uttermost coasts of Palestine, which
were next to Tyre and Sidon.
7:26 The woman was a m
Greek, a n Syrophenician by nation; and
she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.
(m) By nationality, profane.
(n) A neighbour of or near to Damascus.
7:27 But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first
be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast [it]
unto the o dogs.
(o) "Dog" here signifies a little dog,
and he uses this term that he may seem to speak more reproachfully.
7:28 And she answered and said unto him, p
Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.
(p) As if she said, "It is as thou sayest
Lord, for it is enough for the dogs if they can but gather up the crumbs that
are under the table; therefore I crave the crumbs and not the children's
And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of
Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of q
(7) As the Father created us to this life in the
beginning in his only son, so does he also in him alone renew us into
(q) It was a little country, and it was so called
because it consisted of ten cities under the jurisdiction of four surrounding
governments; Pliny, book 3, chap. 8.