3:1 Behold, I will send my a messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the b Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the c messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
(a) This is meant of John the Baptist, as Christ
interprets it; (Luke
(b) Meaning, the Messiah, as in (Psalms
(c) That is, Christ, by whom the covenant was
made and ratified, who is called the angel or messenger of the covenant,
because he reconciles us to his Father, and is Lord or King, because he has
the rule of his Church.
3:2 But who d
may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he
[is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
(d) He shows that the hypocrites who wish so much
for the Lord's coming will not remain when he draws near: for he will
consume them, and purge his own and make them clean.
3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of
silver: and he shall purify the sons of e
Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an
offering in righteousness.
(e) He begins at the priests, that they might be
lights, and shine unto others.
3:6 For I
[am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob f
are not consumed.
(f) They murmured against God, because they did
not see his help which was ever present to defend them: and therefore he
accuses them of ingratitude, and shows that in that they are not daily
consumed, it is a sign that he still defends them, and so his mercy towards
them never changes.
3:7 Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone
away from mine ordinances, and have not kept [them]. g
Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye
said, Wherein shall we return?
(g) Read (Zechariah
3:8 Will a h
man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In i
tithes and offerings.
(h) There are none of the heathen so barbarous,
that will defraud their gods of their honour, or deal deceitfully with them.
(i) By which the service of God should have been
maintained, and the priests and the poor relieved.
3:10 Bring ye all the tithes
into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now
herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven,
and pour you out a blessing, k that
[there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it].
(k) Not having respect how much you need, but I
will give you in all abundance, so that you will lack place to put my
3:11 And I will rebuke the l
devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground;
neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the
LORD of hosts.
(l) Meaning the caterpillar, and whatever
destroys corn and fruits.
3:13 Your words have been
stout m against me, saith the LORD. Yet
ye say, What have we spoken [so much] against thee?
(m) The Prophet condemns them of double blasphemy
against God: first, in that they said that God had no respect for those that
served him, and next, that the wicked were more in his favour than the godly.
3:15 And now we call the
proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, [they that] tempt
God are even n delivered.
(n) They are not only preferred to honour, but
also delivered from dangers.
3:16 o Then
they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened,
and heard [it], and a p book of
remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that
thought upon his name.
(o) After these admonitions of the Prophet, some
were strongly touched, and encouraged others to fear God.
(p) Both because the thing was strange that some
turned to God in that great and universal corruption, and also that this might
be an example of God's mercies to all repentant sinners.
3:17 And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of
hosts, in that day q when I make up my
jewels; and I will r spare them, as a
man spareth his own son that serveth him.
(q) When I will restore my Church according to my
promise, they will be as my own proper goods.
(r) That is, forgive their sins, and govern them
with my Spirit.