7:1 Now 1 when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entered into Capernaum.
(1) Christ admonishes the Jews that for their
obstinacy and rebellion he will go to the Gentiles, by setting before them the
example of the centurion.
2 And it came to pass the day after,
that he went into a city called a Nain;
and many of his disciples went with him, and much people.
(2) Christ openly affirms his power over death.
(a) Nain is the name of a town in Galilee which
was situated on the other side of the Kishon, which runs into the sea of
3 And the disciples of John shewed him
of all these things.
(3) John sends from the prison his unbelieving
disciples to be confirmed by Christ himself.
7:21 And b
in that same hour he cured many of [their] infirmities and plagues, and of evil
spirits; and unto many [that were] blind he gave sight.
(b) When John's disciples came to Christ.
And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to speak unto the people
concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken
with the wind?
(4) That which the prophets showed long before,
John shows presently: and Christ himself presents it daily unto us in the
gospel, but for the most part in vain, because many seek nothing else than
foolish toys and vain glory.
And all the people that heard [him], and the publicans, c
justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
(c) Said that he was just, good, faithful and
7:30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the
counsel of God d against themselves,
being not baptized of him.
(d) To their own hurt.
7:31 5 And
the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to
what are they like?
(5) Whatever manner God uses in offering us the
gospel, most men bring offences upon themselves: yet nevertheless a Church is
6 And one of the Pharisees desired him
that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat
down to meat.
(6) Proud men deprive themselves of the benefits
of the presence of Christ, even when he is at home with them in their houses;
and these benefits the humble and base enjoy.
Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw [it], he spake within himself,
saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of
woman [this is] that toucheth him: e for
she is a sinner.
(7) Rashness is the companion of pride.
(e) The Pharisee respects the law, which holds
that those who touch the defiled are defiled.
7:40 8 And
Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he
saith, Master, say on.
(8) To love Christ is a sure and perpetual
witness of the remission of sins.
Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; f
for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little.
(f) That is, says Theophylact, she has shown her
faith abundantly: and Basil in his "Sermon of Baptism" says,
"He that owes much has much forgiven him, that he may love much
more". And therefore Christ's saying is so plain in light of this that
it is a wonder to see the enemies of the truth so badly distort and
misinterpret this place in such a thorough manner in order to establish their
meritorious works: for the greater sum a man has forgiven him, the more he
loves him that has been so gracious to him. And this woman shows by deeds of
love how great the benefit was she had received: and therefore the charity
that is here spoken of is not to be taken as the cause of her forgiveness, but
as a sign of it: for Christ does not say as the Pharisees did that she was a
sinner, but bears her witness that the sins of her past life are forgiven her.
he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; g
go in peace.
(g) He confirms with a blessing the benefit which
he had bestowed.